Science and Technology Policy for Nigeria's Development Planning

Main Article Content

Sunday Idowu Oladeji
Abiodun Adewale Adegboye

Abstract

Science & Technology (S&T) is recognised in intellectual discourse and public policymaking as strategic for development in contemporary times. The study assesses development planning experience in Nigeria and attempts to make a case for the integration of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policy within the overall framework of national development planning. Content analyses of the development plan documents were made alongside exposition on theoretical perspectives on S&T for growth and development. The framework leads to some implications for Nigeria's development plan. A survey of the theoretical perspectives on the interrelations between STI and national development is also undertaken. As Science & Technology planning is grossly lacking in Nigeria’s development planning, the paper prescribes principles for effective interfacing of STI policy with national development plans. It draws attention to the essence of regular exchange of information between the sectors of Nigeria's economy and the Ministry of Science & Technology and the National Planning Commission, both at construction and implementation of plans. Development planning in Nigeria will serve the better if it is comprehensive and detailed to include S&T policy and programme. The regimes of ad-hoc/disintegrated sectoral reforms must no longer be allowed to rob the economy of desired growth and development. While the planning of STI activities is of critical importance, the paper seems the first to call    attention to the significance of integrating STI with the overall framework of national planning in Nigeria.

Keywords:
National development, Nigeria, science, technology, innovation, planning

Article Details

How to Cite
Oladeji, S. I., & Adegboye, A. A. (2019). Science and Technology Policy for Nigeria’s Development Planning. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 32(4), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/jesbs/2019/v32i430182
Section
Opinion Article

References

Araoz A. Science and technology for development: Policy instruments to build up an infrastructure for the generation of technology. STPI Module 5. International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Ottawa Canada; 1980.

Green K, Morphet C. Research and technology as economic activities. Science in a Social Context, Butterworth’s, London; 1977.

Hornby AS. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Oxford University Press, Seventh Edition; 2005.

Vaitsos CV. Technology policy and economic development. International Development Research Centre Ottawa, IDRC-061e; 1976.

Kindlebenger CP, Herrick B. Economic Development. McGraw-Hill Inc., Third Edition; 1977.

Oladeji SI. Economic development: Theories and model. A Lecture Presented at the National Defence College, Abuja; 2008.

Denison EF. The sources of economic growth in the US and alternatives before U.S. Committee for Economic Development Supplementary Paper No. 13, New York; 1962.

Schultz TW. Economic Growth Theory Mc. Growth-Hill Book Company; 1968.

Romer PM. Increasing returns and long run growth. Journal of Political Economy. 1968;94: 1002-1037.

Lucas RE. On the Mechanics of Economic Development. Journal of Monetary Economics; 1988.

Oladeji SI. Technology policy and the development of small and medium scale enterprises in Contemporary Nigeria. Technovation. 1998;18(2):125-132.

Britton JNH, Gilmour JM. The weakest link: A technological perspective on industrial underdevelopment. Background Study 43, Science Council of Canada, Ottawa; 1978.

Oladeji SI. Institution building for National Research and Development Efforts in Nigeria. Ife Journal of Economics and Finance. 1996;3(1&2):54-63.

Ilori IA. Technological transformation in Nigeria: Issues and research priorities. In Ajakaiye DO, Ade SO. (eds). Research Issues in the Management of Socio-Economic Transformation in Nigeria. NISER, Ibadan; 2003.

Federal Government of Nigeria: Draft Science, Technology and Innovation Policy; 2012.

Farell TMA. A tale of two issues: Nationalization, the transfer of technology and the petroleum multinationals in Trinidad Tobago. Social and Economic Studies. 1979;(28)1:234-281.