Bridging Leadership Perspectives: Practitioner vs. Educator in the Healthcare Field of Dietetics

Main Article Content

Katie R. Miner
Laura B. Holyoke
Samantha A. Ramsay

Abstract

Aims: Identify leadership competencies and skills needed by entry-level registered dietitians. An overarching goal was to provide curriculum developers in healthcare professions directions about leadership competencies required for entry into the professional workforce.

Study Design:  Modified Delphi Study.

Methodology: We invited 105 participants to populate two expert panel groups (1) practitioners serving in professional leadership positions as presidents for state affiliate associations of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (N=52) and (2) educators of dietetic professionals holding position of director of a Coordinated Dietetic programs (N=53). Perspectives about leadership competencies and skills from registered dietitians were examined through a three round Delphi study analyzing views of two expert panel groups: practitioners and educators.

Results: Initially, panelists identified leadership priorities for dietetics educational programs. In subsequent rounds, panelists rated importance of leadership priority statements. Through qualitative analysis, responses between panel groups were compared. Additionally, chi-square analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between ratings of each panel. Practitioners and educators rated 32 out of 202 leadership statements differently (p<0.5), indicating some contrasting leadership perspectives based on professional role.

Discussion: Findings from qualitative analysis suggest different leadership perspectives may exist between educators and practitioners. Educators are urged to consider differences in leadership perspectives when preparing students for leadership positions.

Keywords:
Education, Delphi study, dietetics, healthcare, leadership

Article Details

How to Cite
Miner, K. R., Holyoke, L. B., & Ramsay, S. A. (2020). Bridging Leadership Perspectives: Practitioner vs. Educator in the Healthcare Field of Dietetics. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 33(2), 21-31. https://doi.org/10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i230199
Section
Original Research Article

References

Abdolijavad K, Soudabeh V, Reza MM, Ahmad B, Ali A, Ali H. Conceptual skill in physicians: An overlooked basic competency. HealthMED. 2012;6(10): 3359-3365.

Center for Creative Leadership. Addressing the leadership gap in healthcare: What’s needed when it comes to leader talent?
Available:https://www.ccl.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/addressingLeadershipGapHealthcare.pdf

Garman AN, Lemak CH. Developing healthcare leaders: What we have learned, and what is next. National Center for Healthcare Leadership.
Available:https://bit.ly/2VnTw28

Kabir C, Potty A, Sharma R. Current opportunities for the development of leadership skills for doctors. Int J Clin Leadership. 2008;16: 115-19.

Varkey P, Peloquin J, Reed D, Lindor K, Harris I. Leadership curriculum in undergraduate medical education: A study of student and faculty perspectives. Med Teach. 2009;31:244-250.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/01421590802144278

Gregoire MB, Arendt SW. Leadership: Reflections over the past 100 years. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;104:395-403.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2003.12.024

Nyland N, Lafferty L. Implications of the dietetics workforce demand study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112:S92-94.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2011.12.013

Porter C. Are we training leaders? Conversations with three leaders. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:1204-1205.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2005.05.018

Arensberg MB, Schiller MR, Vivian VM, Johnson WA, Strasser S. Transforma-tional leadership of clinical nutrition managers. J Am Diet Assoc. 1996;96:39-45.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(96)00012-0

Barker AM, Arensberg MF, Schiller MR. Leadership in dietetics: Achieving a vision for the future. Chicago, IL: The American Dietetic Association; 1994.

Skipper A, Young LO, Mitchell BE. 2008 accreditation standards for dietetics education. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108: 1732-1735. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.07.004

Keeney S, Hasson, F, McKenna H. The Delphi Technique in Nursing and Health Research. Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.

Dalkey N, Helmer O. An experimental application of the Delphi method to the use of experts. Manage Sci. 1963;9(3):458-467.

Fisher RG. The Delphi method: A description, review and criticism. J Acad Libr. 1978;4(2):64-70.

Linstone HA. Turoff M. The Delphi method techniques and applications.
Available:https://web.njit.edu/~turoff/pubs/delphibook/index.html.

Couper MR. The Delphi technique: Characteristics and sequence model. Adv Nurs Sci. 1984;79(1):72-77.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1097/00012272-198410000-00008

Akins R, Tolson H, Cole BR. Stability of response characteristics of a Delphi panel: Application of bootstrap data expansion. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2005;5(37): 1-12.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-5-37

Skulmoski GJ, Hartman FT, Krahn J. The Delphi method for graduate research. J Inf Technol Educ. 2007;6:1-21.
Available:https://doi.org/10.28945/199

Qualtrics Research Suite [Computer software]. Provo, UT: Qualtrics, LLC; 2014.

Ludwig B. Predicting the future: Have you considered using the Delphi methodology? J Extension. 1997; 25(5).
Available:http://www.joe.org/joe/1997october/tt2.php

Cox MF, Osman C, Adams SG. Developing leadership skills of undergraduate engineering students: Perspectives from engineering faculty. J STEM Educ. 2010;11(3):22-33.

Williams KA, Keim KS, Johnson CA. Patterns of continuing professional education in registered dietitians and dietetic technicians, registered. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104:437-441.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2003.12.012

DeMicco FJ, Williams JA. Down-board thinking: What are our next moves? J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;99:285-286.
Available:https://search.proquest.com/docview/218450855?accountid=44291

Pace RD. Mapping a course for the future: Dietetics leadership in the 21st century. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995;95:536-537.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(95)00146-8

Parks S. The fractured anthill: A new architecture for sustaining the future. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002;102:33-38.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90013-1

Watson-Jarvis K. Shaping our future – Reflections on leadership and transformation: 2000 Ryley-Jeffs Memorial lecture. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2000;61: 135-138.
Available:https://search.proquest.com/docview/220779038?accountid=44291