Urbanisation and Unemployment in Ikare Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Adejompo Fagbohunka

Abstract

The influx of people to the urban area to enhance positive survival and self-fulfillment, have definite consequences at the places of destination. The paper posits that urbanisation and unemployment could be understood from the perspectives of its consequences in Ikare Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. This study adopts both primary and secondary sources of data. The first stage in the collection of primary data involves the reconnaissance survey of the study area. Fifteen questionnaires were randomly administered in each of the identified fifteen quarters, making a total of 225 questionnaires; but on the whole 217 questionnaires were retrieved for the analysis. The paper reveals that urbanisation is high, while the major causes of unemployment are urbanisation, other indices of urbanisation includes; infrastructural facilities, trade and commerce, political reasons as well as the high birth rate. The study also reveals causes of unemployment such as socio-cultural factors, low technology, weather conditions as well as government policies  The research has found out that the effect of urbanisation on employment accessibility, infrastructural facilities as well as on housing is negative, while the effect of urbanisation on crime rate is high. The paper also reveals that urbanisation and unemployment phenomena have impacted negatively on the standard of living, while government efforts in curbing high urbanisation as well as alleviating unemployment problems are inadequate. The paper, however, recommended that government should sensitise the masses about family planning which will enhance birth control. Also, the government should provide more employment as well as improving the infrastructural facilities in the study area.

Keywords:
Urbanization, unemployment, consequences, Ikare-Akoko.

Article Details

How to Cite
Fagbohunka, A. (2018). Urbanisation and Unemployment in Ikare Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 28(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/JESBS/2018/44608
Section
Original Research Article