Open Landfill Biomedical Wastes Disposal System and Impact on Health as Perceived by Health Workers

Main Article Content

E. Ita, Effangha
E. Effiom, John

Abstract

This paper examined the influence of open land fill as a biomedical wastes disposal system and perceived impact on health among health workers in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. One hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Literature review was carried out based on the variable under study. Ex-post facto research design was considered most suitable for the study. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the 401 respondents sampled for the study. A validated 30 item four point modified likert scale questionnaire was the instrument utilized for data collection. The reliability estimate of the instrument was 0.91 using Cronbach Alpha method. To test the hypotheses formulated for the study simple linear regression statistical too was used at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there was a significant positive influence of open land fill of biomedical wastes on health as perceived by health workers in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. It was recommended among others that dumpsites should be properly located and managed to minimize its effects on residents and government and municipalities should revise laws regarding the locations of the dumpsites.

Keywords:
Open landfill, biomedical wastes, perceived impact, health workers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Effangha, E. I., & John, E. E. (2019). Open Landfill Biomedical Wastes Disposal System and Impact on Health as Perceived by Health Workers. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 31(4), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/jesbs/2019/v31i430158
Section
Original Research Article

References

World Health Organization. Basic steps in the preparation of health care waste management plans for health care establishments. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2011.

Radha KV, Kalaivan K, Lavanya R. A case study of biomedical waste management in hospitals. Global Journal of Health Science. 2009;1:82-88.

Cole EC. Internal medical waste management. Durham, North Carolina; 2015.

Mull EJ. Approaches toward sustainable urban solid waste management: Sahakaranagar Layout. Thesis (M.Sc) - Lund University; 2005.

Adewole AT. Waste management towards sustainable development in Nigeria: A case study of Lagos State. International NGO Journal. 2009;4(4):173-179.

Eludoyin AO, Oyeku OT. Heavy metal contamination of groundwater resources in a Nigerian urban settlement. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2010;4(4):201–214.

Thomas S, Peng W, Lezhong X, Yaoliang S, Emmanuel A, Wang Y, UN-Habitat. The State of the World’s Cities Report, Earthscan; 2006.

Alloway JC, Ayres PC. Comparative analysis of hospital waste management in Calabar metropolis and developed countries. International Journal of Structure & Civil Engineering Resources. 2007;2(4):154-167.

El-Fadel M, Findikakis AN, Leckie JO. Environmental impacts of solid waste land filling. Journal of Environmental Management. 2007;50(1):1-25.

Jhamnani B, Singh SK. Groundwater contamination due to Bhalaswa landfill site in New Dehli. International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering. 2009;1(3):121–125.

Longe EO, Balogun MR. Groundwater quality assessment near a municipal landfill, Lagos, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 2010;2(1):39-44.

Papadopoulou MP, Karatzas GP, Bougioukou GC. Numerical modelling of the environmental impact of landfill leachate leakage on groundwater quality – A field application. Environmental Modelling & Assessment. 2007;12(1):345-349.

Ifeoma JO. Effects of landfill sites on groundwater quality in igando, Alimosho local government area, Lagos state. Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of Master of Science; 2014.

Upton AC. Public health aspects of toxic chemical disposal sites. Annu Rev Public Health. 2008;10:1-25.

National Research Council. Environmental epidemiology, public health and hazardous wastes. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2011.

Martine V. Health effects of residence near hazardous waste landfill sites: A review of epidemiologic literature. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;1(8):101-112.
Available:http.//ehpnetl.niehs.nih.gov/docs/2000/suppl-1/101-1 12vrijheid/abstract.html

Jeffrey N. T. S. Quire. Biomedical pollutants in the urban environment and implications for public health: A case study. 2013;1-6.