The Role of Religiosity and Spirituality in Motivating and Improving Students’ Performance in Indonesia
Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science,
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the relationship model of religiosity, spirituality, intrinsic motivation, and extrinsic motivation with students' performance in Indonesian students based on different beliefs or religions in the country.
Methodology: This study used a survey method with a questionnaire conducted on 628 students as a sample. The relationship between all variables was tested using Pearson’s correlation and the direct relationship between the independent variables on the dependent variable using multiple linear regression analysis. Furthermore, the mediating model test was conducted using structural equation modeling with a two-step approach.
Results: The findings showed that motivation, religiosity, and spirituality affected students’ performance. Furthermore, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation serially mediated the relationship model between religiosity and spirituality with students' performance.
Conclusion: This paper addressed the need to understand how to motivate and improve students' performance from a religious and spiritual perspective. The findings of this paper can be used to identify curriculum preparation that includes religiosity in it to increase students' motivation and performance. Furthermore, this paper has demonstrated that religiosity and spirituality are very important for students in Indonesia because they can increase motivation so that student achievement becomes better.
- Extrinsic motivation
- intrinsic motivation
- students’ performance
How to Cite
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