The Relationship between Social Capital and Soft Skills among University Students
Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science,
This study aims at identifying the level of social capital to improve soft skills among university students in Malaysia. Social capital construct based on Putnam's  social capital theory. Social capital in this research refers to students' participation in community-based activities and university's clubs. Soft skills construct included university students' communication, leadership, teamwork, continuous learning, critical thinking, ethics and professionalism, and entrepreneurship skills. This study is a survey research design using a questionnaire instrument for data collection. The sample was chosen randomly, participating in a total of 264 university students in Malaysia. The study used descriptive analyses such as mean, standard deviation, t-test, and Pearson Correlation to analyze the data. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 23 was used for the data analysis The findings of study demonstrated that the majority of university students had moderate levels of both constructs, namely social capital and soft skills. Results from this study revealed that there was no significant difference in social capital based on Gender. However, the results of the study found there is a significant difference in soft skills based on Gender. Accordingly,' it has been found that male students had a higher soft skill compared to female students. Correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a significant positive relationship between social capital and soft skills. Overall, this study suggests the importance of social capital towards soft skills development.
- Social capital
- soft skills
- university students
How to Cite
Marliana Ali, Ahmad Esa. Tahap penguasaan kemahiran generik dalam kalangan pelajar tahun akhir Diploma Kejuruteraan Elektrik serta Pendidikan, UTHM. Journal of Techno Social. 2011;1(6): 77–94.
Department of Statistics Malaysia DOSM. Press Release Graduates Statistics; 2020.
Department of Statistics Malaysia DOSM. Press Release Graduates Statistics; 2019.
Zaliza Hanapi, Mohd Safarin Nordin. Unemployment among Malaysia Graduates: Graduates'attributes, Lecturers' Competency and Quality Of Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013;112(2014):1056 –1063.
Shafie H, Khuzzan SMS, Mohyin NA. Soft skills competencies of quantity surveying graduates in Malaysia: Employers' Views and Expectations. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability. 2014;1(1):9-17.
Putnam RD. The Prosperous Community: Sosial Capital and Public Life. The American Prospect No. 13 Spring; 1993.
Yamaguchi A. Influences of Social Capital on Health and Well-Being from Qualitative Approach. Global Journal of Health Science. 2013;5(5):153.
Prasad BBN. Soft Skills for Enhancing Employability. International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research. 2017;5(11):17-21.
Ledbetter AM. The past and future of technology in interpersonal communication theory and research. Communication Studies. 2014;65(4):456-459.
Bucata G, Rizescu MA. The Role of Communication in enhancing work effectiveness of an organization. Land Forces Academy Review. 2017;22(1):49-57
Kozlowski SWJ, Illgen DR. Enhancing the Effectiveness of Work Groups and Teams. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 2006;7(3):77-124.
Grootaert C, Narayan D, Jones VN, Woolcock M. Measuring Social Capital: An Integrated Questionnaire. World Bank Working Paper No. 18. Washington D.C. The World Bank; 2004.
Bullen J, Onyx P. Measuring Social Capital in Five Communities. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 1998;36(1): 23-42.
Qizi KNU. Soft Skills Development in Higher Education. Universal Journal of Educational Research. 2020;8(5):1916-1925.
Majid S, Liming Z, Tong S. Importance of Soft Skills for Education and Career Success. International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education. 2012;2(2):1036-1042.
Ghazvini SD, Khajehpour M. Gender Differences in Factors Affecting Academic Performance of High School Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011;15:1040-1045.
Andreas S. Effects of The Decline in Social Capital on College Graduates' Soft Skills. Industry and Higher Education. 2018;32(1).
Abstract View: 52 times
PDF Download: 23 times