Open Access Short Research Article

Impact of Parental Involvement in Homework on Children’s learning

Tshering Chophel, Ugyen Choeda

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 35-46
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i630334

Our service as the principal in a very remote school under Mongar District evoked our conscience in realizing the impact of parental involvement in homework on children’s learning. Being in the farm with many daily chores and activities, the parents’ concern for children’s learning was left as a secondary option.

The parents have vital roles to play in the life of a child. The involvement of parents determines the future of the child, and the parental involvement was seen as a means to bridge the gap between the school and home. Family is the primary cell of society where the child's upbringing must begin since his birth.

The researcher used the qualitative approach and phenomenology as a research design. The study involved twelve interview participants, comprising of 3 principals, 3 teachers, 3 students and 3 parents from the participating schools in Yadi Cluster under Mongar District. The data were collected through the use of semi-structured interviews. The interviews were audio-taped, transcribed, and then analyzed using a thematic analysis approach, and compared to previous research gleaned from the extensive literature review.

The findings of the study reveal that there are contextual factors that contribute to less parental involvement in their children’s homework. There is a lack of parental care, especially in terms of academic support from parents in their children's learning in the remote setting of Bhutan. Basic education for parents is felt highly required to enable them to realize their support for their children in writing homework to perform better in the school. Non-formal Education (NFE) centers are recommended to be the platform to address the issues.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teacher Perceptions on In-School Care and Support for Children with Intellectual Disability and a History of Sexual Abuse

Andile Alfred Mdikana

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i630331

This study investigated teachers’ perceptions on in school-based care and support for children with intellectual disabilities and a history of sexual abuse. The participants were a convenience sample of 28 teachers from four special educational needs schools in Gauteng Province, South Africa (females = 80%, age range = 30 to 55 years). The teachers participated in a focus group discussion on school-based quality of care and support for intellectually disabled children with a history of sexual abuse. A focus group interview schedule was designed and administered to collect the data. A thematic method of data analysis was used to collect the data.Two themes resulted from the data analysis: infrequency (80%) and short duration of support, and educator sensitivity. The most important point to consider is that the affected children are referred to the relevant structure and that parents are frequently consulted throughout the process. It is highly recommended that the issue of sexual abuse of children with disability should be handled with great care and sensitivity.

Open Access Original Research Article

Understanding Individual Perception and Experience of Fear during Mandatory Quarantine: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ghana

Dudley W. Ofori, James Antwi

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 10-19
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i630332

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has manifested differently across the globe in terms of its sociocultural and economic impacts. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed guidelines for the effective implementation of local or national quarantine protocols to quickly detect people who have been exposed to COVID-19 and separate them from others during the disease’s incubation period. This paper examines how Ghanaians perceive and experience fear under quarantine in the various designated quarantine centres (Pentecost Community Centre and Pram-pram Convention Centre).

Drawing on the interpretive inquiry lens, data were collected through phone/Skype interviews with six individuals who had been quarantined with experience to share. Interpretative Phenomenology Approach (IPA) for data analysis was used to interpret the views and experience of participants under quarantine and how that affected their well-being. Using the WHO quarantine guidelines, our analyses focused on an individual’s experience of fear under quarantine, offering an insight into what characterises their fear as well as exploring events, coping strategies and the implementation of standard quarantine protocols in the country.

The results showed that the quarantine protocols aligned with the WHO guidelines, albeit with some exceptions; these omissions partly compounded the fear experienced by those who were quarantined in the various centres. The results help to reveal the specific events that led to fear. For example, the fear of being infected by others at the quarantine centres, the unknown duration of the quarantine, the potential loss of lives and the uncertainty of recovery. The participants managed their fearful experiences and tension at the quarantine centres by coming together to pray every morning, share the word of God and engage in jokes. This paper contributes to issues of distinct emotions and individual viewpoints under mandatory quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic in a specific country context.

Open Access Original Research Article

Lived Experiences of Diabetes Patients in Rural Areas of Ghana: Discovering the Forces that Determine Psychosocial Care

Isaac Nyarko Kwakye, James Antwi, Thomas Hormenu

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 20-34
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i630333

Aim: Diabetes has been identified to cause prolonged ill health in many people living in rural communities in Ghana where access to health care delivery appears to be inadequate and of low quality due to financial constraints, limited health resources, poor road network, low literacy levels and limited access to specialist care. Individuals diagnosed with diabetes often express varied psychological and emotional imbalances. Therefore, immediate psychosocial care is needed to prevent patients living in rural areas from getting into severe depression mode and other mental health complications. Yet, understanding how people diagnosed with diabetes should react in order to prevent severe psychological implications has not been adequately explored in Ghana. This study explored the lived experiences of diabetes patients living in rural areas of the Eastern Region of Ghana with the aim of discovering the forces that determine appropriate psychosocial care for patients.

Study Design: Using the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), 31 diabetes patients were purposively selected from four hospitals in the region, and interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide to investigate participants’ perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and experiences about the disease and how the participants own experiences could be used to construct a framework of immediate care applicable in their own social certain.

Results: The study generated themes along productive and unproductive lines to demonstrate the lived experiences of diabetes patients. Psycho-emotional reactions, psychological shock and emotional outbursts constitute unproductive forces. This caused some of the patients to express suicidal ideations at the extreme point. On the other hand, individual resilience and disposition, guidance and support from care providers, family and community members constitute the productive forces that provide an appropriate framework for psychosocial care for diabetes patients.

Conclusion: The study has shown the need to adequately address the psychological and emotional needs of diabetes patients to prevent extreme forms of psychological distress (anxiety and depression). The authors, therefore, recommend an integrated care model for diabetes patients’ in rural areas that encompass a psychosocial therapy built around the primary healthcare concept with the establishment of counseling units in all Primary Health Care facilities. This will offer a platform to generate personal and community actions and decisions to adequately address the immediate psychological and emotional needs of diabetes patients in rural areas.

Open Access Original Research Article

Culinary Consumption in Digital Era: Tourists’ Typology and their Characteristics

Suci Sandi Wachyuni, Tri Kuntoro Priyambodo, Dyah Widiyastuti, . Sudarmadji

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 47-61
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i630337

Purpose of the Study: Technological transformation has changed the consumption behavior of tourists in the digital era. The ease of access and the emergence of various media also have a significant impact on culinary tourism. This research aims to know the typology of tourists and their characteristics in local culinary tourism in the digital era, especially in Indonesia. By knowing this, it is expected that culinary businesses can adjust the strategy so that local culinary can be more explored by tourists. Furthermore, local culinary tourism can be further developed in potential destinations.

Methodology: The method used is quantitative research, with data collection techniques through an online survey (google form) supported by literature studies. The sampling technique is non-probability sampling which is purposive sampling. The number of respondents in this study was 482 people who have culinary tour to Yogyakarta and Solo, Indonesia at least one time, and data analysis techniques using descriptive statistics and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).

Main Findings: The results show there are three clusters of tourist typology when on culinary tour in the digital era of Non-Culinary Tourist (NCT), Culinary Tourist (CT), and Gastronomic Tourist (GT). There are characteristic differences in each type of tourist from the parameters of attitude, perception, and culinary information-seeking behavior. The average value of attitudes, perceptions, and information-seeking behavior is increased from NCT, CT, to GT. The main media used in information seeking is digital media. The most widely used information reference sources are Instagram, friends, search engines, and family.

Application of this Study: This study provides theoretical implications related to tourist typology and its characteristics in local culinary tourism in the digital era. Meanwhile, the practical implications, this research can be used as an advice in developing gastronomic tourism in the world and especially in Yogyakarta and Solo, Indonesia. The government and businesses can make this research the basis for formulating local culinary tourism marketing strategies.

Novelty/Originality of this Study: This research is original and new in terms of context and methodology. There are few research focuses on the behavior of tourists in local culinary tourism, especially in the digital era. This study also uses a new method of looking at the differences in tourist typology, using analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Open Access Original Research Article

Parents’ Beliefs and Attitudes on Their Children’s Distance Education Performance during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Greek Preschool Settings

Vasiliki Karavida, Eleni Tympa

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 62-76
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i630338

Background: Current research and the bibliography suggest that both synchronous and asynchronous distance education in the early years of education is a new era to explore the teaching of young children.

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the extent of use of online classroom platforms in early years, both in the private and public sector, and to correlate parents' attitudes towards children’s behavioral changes during the pandemic lockdown in Greece.

Methodology: The participants were 216 parents with preschool-aged children (between 2:6 to 4:0 years) in Greek pre-school settings in two cities of North and West Greece. A questionnaire on the use of ICT during the pandemic Covid -19 and its’ outcomes was distributed online to all parents. The parents' perception was generally negative and was not preferred to frontal teaching, while they were not satisfied with the results.

Results: A remarkable percentage of children did not participate in online education due to their parents' attitude on the appropriateness of their age to participate in online education. However, the deterrent attitude of parents was not related to their level of education and willingness to help their children. The parents' perception was generally negative and was not preferred to frontal teaching, while they were not satisfied with the results. As far as the implementation of distance education is concerned, private broadcasters have introduced more synchronous distance education compared to public ones. Finally, there were positive correlations between asynchronous distance learning of 1-3 hours per day and children's irritability, as well as feelings of stress and anxiety and asynchronous distance learning of more than 6 hours per day. The correlation between children's distraction and asynchronous distance learning for 1-3 hours per day was negative.

Conclusion: Further discussions for policy makers and teachers are planned.