Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Assertiveness Technique in Reducing Verbal Victimization among Junior Secondary School Students in Anambra State

V. N. Nwadinobi, L. I. Akunne, A. V. Etele

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i830346

Aims: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of assertiveness technique in reducing verbal victimization among junior secondary school students in Anambra state.

Study Design: The design adopted for this study is pure experimental design.

Place and Duration of Study: The target population is 1182 junior secondary students identified to be verbally victimized. The duration is between January 2021 and June 2021.

Methodology: The design adopted for this study is the pure experimental. Two secondary schools where adopted for the study, from the two secondary schools, one group served as treatment/experimental group and the other school served as control group with participants randomly assigned. These participants were identified by administering a structured questionnaire structured by the researchers. The population for the study comprised 1182 junior secondary students identified to be verbally victimized. The sample was drawn using the purposive sampling technique, this was to identify schools with students that are verbally victimized. A total of 104 students (54 male and 50 female) were drawn and randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups as sample for the study. The instrument for data collection was the bullying victimization scale (BVS), the scale was developed and validated based on Elvis (1996) questionnaire and normalized for Nigerian cultural situation. Data collected for this study were organized in table and were analyzed. Data relating to the answering of research questions were analyzed using the mean. While the data relating to the testing of hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance was analyzed using Analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA).

Results: At 0.05 level of significance, the analysis of the data collected revealed that the experimental group had a mean gain difference of 3.29 over the control group, the result further revealed that male students had a mean gain difference of 21.54 over the female students. This indicates that assertiveness technique was more effective on male junior secondary school students than their female counterparts. The findings revealed there was no difference in the mean post test scores of students who received treatment using assertiveness technique and those in the control group (p = 0.416, 0.05). also there was a significant difference in the mean post test scores of male and female secondary school students (p=0.026, 0.05).

Conclusion: Through the findings that emerged from the study, it is concluded that the assertiveness technique is effective in reducing verbal victimization among junior secondary school students in Anambra state. Hence, counsellors in secondary schools should adopt assertiveness counselling techniques during counselling sessions to reduce the increased rate of verbal victimization in schools.

Open Access Original Research Article

Relationship between Home Environment and Child Deviant Behaviours in Rivers State, Nigeria

Amukeru Gift Amadi, Uju E. Nnubia

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 9-18
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i830347

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between home environment and child deviant behaviours in Rivers state, Nigeria. The study adopted a correlational research design. A stratified non-proportionate random sampling technique was used to select 300 married teachers’ having children under their care. The mean and standard deviation were evaluated. Pearson’s Product-Moment correlation was used to test the hypotheses using the Statistical Package for Service Solution (SPSS). Results from the study showed that there is a significant relationship between home environment variables such as family socioeconomic status, poor attitude of extended family members’ and home media and Deviant Behaviour. The result from this study also showed that poor attitudes of extended family members such as smoking, gossiping, bad advice, over pampering and moral bankrupt will negatively affect the child. The findings also revealed that uncontrolled television viewing, addiction to games, exposure to pornography through unregulated home media, school absenteeism, uncontrolled use of internet at home and unregulated television viewing can have negative effects on the child. Furthermore, the family economic status such as inability to provide basic needs by parents, family poverty and unmet needs can result to deviant behaviours such as stealing, disrespect and street begging in children. It is therefore recommended that families should be sensitized on the destructive aspects of the extended family structure on child behaviours. In addition, families should regulate the use of home media by children.

Open Access Original Research Article

Does Academic Work Environment in Thailand Private Universities Affect the Organizational Commitment of Lecturers?

Wasantha Rajapakshe

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 19-35
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i830348

This study examines how the academic work environment influences lecturers' job performance and organizational commitment among private university academicians in Thailand. The paper presents that the perception of organizational climate has a significant effect on some academics' job performance, revealing that the perception of organizational climate is positively related to the job performance of many senior academics and junior academics than those with middle level of experience and academic ranks. It also presents a strong relationship between organizational climate and organizational commitment. Climate dimensions, such as coworkers' behavior, the job itself, and freedom are significantly related to organizational commitment. It also presents that supervisors' behavior, facilities, academic environment, teaching and research, job security, and administration duties are not significant factors influencing lecturers' positive attitude toward the respective organization. Thus, findings and implications can provide valuable insights for educational policymakers and university administrators in Thailand. University administrators can focus more on academic freedom, workload, and conflict among coworkers to improve lectures' educational practices and related positive outcomes.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Examination of Teacher Education Management and Innovative Reforms Agenda for Curriculum Implementation in Secondary Schools in IMO State, Nigeria

Stanley U. Nnorom, Ezenwagu, Stephen Abuchi, Anyanwu, Jude Azubike, Benignus C. Nwankwo

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 36-41
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i830349

The study examines managing teacher education and innovative reforms agenda for curriculum execution in secondary schools in Imo state, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The population comprised of Five hundred and thirty (530) secondary school Principal in Imo state school system. The sample consisted of 200 duty principals randomly selected by stratified technique from each of the three education zones of the state, Okigwe, Orlu, and Owerri. Fifteen (15) items questionnaire was the instruments for data collection and the instrument was validated by experts in Imo state University, Owerri. The questionnaire which recorded a reliability coefficient of 0.89 was administered face to face to 200 respondents by the researchers who also retrieved same. The data collected were analyzed with mean and standard deviation and null hypothesis were tested using the z-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the results, the researchers made crucial recommendations that government and stakeholders in education should emphasize on managing teacher education and innovative reform agenda to enhance development of the nation.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Well-being of Students in a Welsh Secondary School Before and After a COVID-19 Lockdown

Andrew P. Smith, Arwel James

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 42-51
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i830350

Background: There has been considerable research on the well-being of secondary school students, most of which focuses on health-related behaviour or mental health issues. The well-being process model provides a framework that examines predictors of positive and negative well-being outcomes. The model has been validated in many studies of workers and university students. The present study examined the model's applicability to secondary school students whose education is conducted through the medium of the Welsh language. COVID-19 has disrupted education and well-being, and the present study presents profiles of well-being before and after the first COVID-19 lockdown in Wales.

Aims: The first aim was to examine the applicability of the well-being process model to secondary school students. A second aim was to study students where teaching was in the Welsh language. Finally, the research examined the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown and identified predictors of current well-being after lockdown and the long term implications of COVID-19.

Methodology: The research was carried out with the informed consent of the volunteers and approved by the School of Psychology, Cardiff University ethics committee. The participants were 214 students (111 males), and they represented each year group. An online survey was carried out, and the pre-COVID-19 associations between the well-being process predictor variables and outcomes were examined using regression analyses. Predictors of current and long-term well-being post-lockdown were also examined.

Results: The data relating to the pre-COVID 19 periods confirmed that positive well-being was predicted by high scores for psychological capital and social support. Daytime sleepiness was negatively associated with positive well-being. Stress at school was predicted by high student stressors, negative coping, social support and low psychological capital scores. Post-lockdown well-being was predicted by psychological capital and negatively associated with academic stress and fear of infection, and the stress of isolation. The longer-term negative impact of COVID-19 was predicted by problem-focused coping, fear of infection, and social isolation.

Conclusion: The results confirmed the applicability of the well-being process model to Welsh secondary school students. Lockdown during COVID-19 affected well-being, with the risk of infection and the stress of isolation and academic stress being the major negative influences.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Role of Religiosity and Spirituality in Motivating and Improving Students’ Performance in Indonesia

Dorothea Wahyu Ariani

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 52-63
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i830351

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the relationship model of religiosity, spirituality, intrinsic motivation, and extrinsic motivation with students' performance in Indonesian students based on different beliefs or religions in the country.

Methodology: This study used a survey method with a questionnaire conducted on 628 students as a sample. The relationship between all variables was tested using Pearson’s correlation and the direct relationship between the independent variables on the dependent variable using multiple linear regression analysis. Furthermore, the mediating model test was conducted using structural equation modeling with a two-step approach.

Results: The findings showed that motivation, religiosity, and spirituality affected students’ performance. Furthermore, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation serially mediated the relationship model between religiosity and spirituality with students' performance. 

Conclusion: This paper addressed the need to understand how to motivate and improve students' performance from a religious and spiritual perspective. The findings of this paper can be used to identify curriculum preparation that includes religiosity in it to increase students' motivation and performance. Furthermore, this paper has demonstrated that religiosity and spirituality are very important for students in Indonesia because they can increase motivation so that student achievement becomes better.