Open Access Short Research Article

Action Research: What Can I Do to Improve the Reading Habits of Students?

Dechen Loday

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 39-49
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i930355

Reading is critical to success both in school and life. It is a fundamental skill for children and adults alike. Like speech itself, it is the key to knowledge and opens up worlds. This action research aims to cultivate a reading habit of students. Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading (USSR) programme is the tool used to materialise this objective. The research samples are 21 students taken from Class IV of Gangrithang Primary School under Bumthang district. My experience in teaching and working at the Primary level for the last eighteen and half years as a teacher, made me to realized that student engagement particularly in reading books were not satisfactory as expected. This experience and realization has motivated me to take up an action research project to enhance reading habit of students. A questionnaire and a semi-structured interview schedule were used as the instruments of data collection. Findings reveal that out of 21 sampling 17 students confirmed USSR and teacher modeling are the most effective measure that can promote reading habits among students.

Open Access Original Research Article

Governance Practice Implementation on Education for Sustainable Development in Host Universities’ Regional Centres of Expertise, Kenya

Nancy Ng’ang’a, Ruth Thinguri, Ayub Macharia

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i930352

Institutional management refers to the effective running of different programmes and activities of an institution. This study sought to assess governance practice implementation on education for sustainable development (ESD) in host universities’ Regional Centres of Expertise (RCE) in Kenya. The study employed mixed methodology and concurrent model of triangulation and descriptive survey research design to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. The target population was from 8 acknowledged RCEs in Kenya. This included 8 RCE coordinators, 270 lecturers conversant with ESD and 150 representatives of partner institutions making a total of 428 respondents. Purposive and simple random sampling was used to come up with the study sample of 93 respondents comprising of of 3 RCE coordinators, 60 lecturers, and 30 representatives of partner institutions. Research tools used were open and close-ended questionnaires, interview schedule and document analysis checklist. Quantitative data was analysed descriptively using SPSS version 23 and presented using tables, frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Qualitative data was thematically analysed and presented verbatim and as narratives using MS Word. Mixing and interpretation of data was then done. The study established that despite numerous challenges, RCE host universities had implemented RCE governance practice on ESD through establishment of governance structures and appointment of coordinators. Financial and infrastructural resources were found to be a main challenge in implementation of governance practice on ESD. Anticipated beneficiaries of the study findings and conclusion include the management of RCE host universities, RCE coordinators, Ministry of education and County governments. The study recommended that host universities in Regional Centres of Expertise should initiate innovative methods of raising funds from both government and private sectors to establish a funding mechanism for ESD activities and programs in the RCEs. The appointment of RCE coordinators needs to be removed from the host university Vice Chancellors and a committee of partner representatives tasked with the appointment.

Open Access Original Research Article

Investigating the Effects of Positive Psychological Capital on Ethical Behavior in the Private Sector in Ghana

Mohammed Bawah, Zaireena Wan Nasir, Rodrigue Ancelot Harvey Fontaine

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 12-29
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i930353

Aims: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of positive psychological capital on ethical behavior in some selected private organizations in Ghana. Managers in five Regions in Northern Ghana were selected to examine the causality of the variables under study.

Study Design: The study used questionnaires in which only managers were made to answer within a period of 4 months.

Place and Duration of Study: Managers in five Regions in Northern Ghana (Northern, Savannah, North East, Upper East and Upper West Regions) were selected to examine the causality of the variables under studybetweenMarch 2020 and July 2021.

Methodology: The sample method used was stratified and systematic random sampling technique which aims at collecting data in a regular or ordered manner.  The study also used factor analysis and structural equation model to conduct the analysis. The study analyzed 385 questionnaires comprising 158 for Northern region, Upper East 78, Upper West 65, Savannah 52 and North East 32.

Results: The results shows that the fit of the structural model for the relationship is good with = 411.368 (df = 245),  = 1.679, CFI = 0.983, GFI = 0.916, TLI = 0.981 and RMSEA = 0.042.  The results of the structural path estimates revealed that the standardised estimate of -0.369 between PPC and EB was statistically significant (P-Value=0.002) and a negative relationship was predicted. Furthermore, the C.R. value was -3.138 greater than 1.69 indicating that the probability of obtaining a critical ratio as large as 3.138 in absolute value is less than 0.05. This implies that the regression weight for PPC in the prediction of ethical behavior is significantly different from zero at 0.001 level. Overall, the result confirmed that the relationship between Positive Psychological and Ethical Behavior is supported by previous studies.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of OSPE in Medical Laboratory Sciences Department: Post- Examinations Quality Metrics

Amira Salem Alsagheer, Dania Waggas, Mohamed Hassanien

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 30-38
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i930354

Introduction: Assessment plays a major role in improving the learning and teaching process. The practical examination has a key role in the assessment of students' competences. In conventional method, the judgment of students' performances is mainly subjective because the same performance of students is graded differently by different examiners. Successful implementation of OSPE deals with this major deficit of the conventional methods

Assessing the assessment is very important because the implementation of OSPEs are very complex and resource intensive, as it needs large numbers of examiners, candidates and physical resources and equipment as well as time.

Assurance of sufficient quality of OSPEs by a range of metrics that gives us critical view about the assessment process as a whole, rather than focusing on candidate outcomes only.

Objectives of the study: The objectives of this study were

  • To evaluate OSPEs conducted by Medical laboratory sciences department in Fakeeh College for Medical Sciences(FCMS) with regards to their quality metrics as an assessment tool.

Results: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted in Medical Laboratory Sciences Department Practical Examinations at FCMS

Before OSPE conduction, the different stations were revised for criteria of content coverage, skills assessed, clarity of language, dominant domain assessed, and time allocated for each station. Post examinations quality metrics results showed that the reliability of the different examination in Medical Laboratory Sciences department ranged from 0.75 to 0.93 that mean good to excellent reliability. One OSPE showed that one or two stations didn't contribute to the overall all reliability of the whole exam. All OSPEs showed that there are good positive correlation between the theoretical and practical part of the course, and this come with the concurrent evidence of validity.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study of Language Learning Strategies Used by Freshmen of Gedu College of Business Studies

Chencho Wangchuk

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 50-60
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i930356

Aim: To study the use of language learning strategies among freshmen of Gedu College of Business Studies.

Study Design: A cross-sectional survey.

Methodology: Data were collected through SILL, and they were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics.

Results: Descriptive statistics revealed meta-cognitive as the most favored strategies while memory strategies were the least preferred ones among the respondents. However, the usage of all six strategies among Bhutanese college students was medium, which means the strategies were sometimes used. The independent t-test revealed statistically insignificant difference between the two groups of genders.

Conclusion: This study examined the use of LLS among the freshmen of Gedu College of Business Studies. The findings of this study will have implications for learner autonomy and naturalistic exposure to English language. Such experiences are, therefore, expected to assist acquisition of English as a second language and develop learners’ communicative competence.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Teachers’ Improvisation of Heat-Producing Materials on Acquisition of Science Skills among Pre-primary School Learners in Kiambu, Kenya

Millicent Wandia Githui, Peter Kibet Koech, Ruth Thinguri

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 61-70
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i930357

Acquisition of science skills among pre-primary school learners has had its fair share of challenges with many pre-primary school learners manifesting low competencies in manipulation, experimentation and observation skills. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of teachers’ improvisation of heat-producing materials on acquisition of science skills among pre-primary school learners. The study was guided by Social Constructivism and Instructional Theories. The study adopted mixed methodology and applied concurrent triangulation research design. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically along the objectives and presented in narrative forms. Quantitative data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using linear regression analysis with the help of Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS 23) and presented using tables. These results indicate that there is significant relationship between teachers’ improvisation of heat-producing materials and acquisition of science skills among pre-primary school learners (p=0.000< 0.05). The study established that pre-primary school learners’ manifest low science skills. That is, their manipulation, experimentation and observation skills are still below average. The study recommends that the pre-primary curriculum developers emphasize the improvisation of heat-producing materials as much as possible and frequent inspections are carried out. For future studies, researchers may put greater interest in conducting a similar study with national scope to certain the influence of improvised instructional materials on the levels of science skills among pre-primary learners.