Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing the Cell Phone Behaviours of Undergraduate Regular University Students: Implications for Counselling

Edjah Jane Odurowaa, Ankomah Francis, Eugene Kwarteng-Nantwi

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1130364

The use of mobile phones has become increasingly popular in recent years and it is more prevalent among university students. The widespread usage of cell phones has attracted the attention of many students, thereby increasing their rate of cell phone dependency. This study aimed to describe cell phone behaviours among undergraduate regular students at the University of Cape Coast. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Through the use of the stratified sampling technique, a sample of 2,061 undergraduate regular students participated in the study. Questionnaire adapted from Choliz’s (2012) Test of Mobile-phone Dependence (TMD) was used. The internal consistency, estimated using McDonald’s omega coefficient, ranged from .84 to .95. Means and standard deviations were used in analyzing the data for the study. The findings of the study revealed that students were prevalent in the use of cell phones in sending text messages, followed by surfing of the internet, length of time spent on the cell phone, and use of cell phone as a source of entertainment. It was recommended among other things that students should consciously regulate their use of cell phones so that it does not jeopardize their academic work.

Open Access Original Research Article

School Based Action Research on Implemetation of Life Skill Education for Positive Behaviour Outcome

Nidup Gyaltshen, Pema Lethro

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 13-55
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1130365

The research study titled “School Based Action Research on the implementation of Life Skills Education in schools”, broadly aimed to observe positive behavioral change in teachers and students through the implementation of Life Skills Education in schools. This is to be achieved by converging on a sub theme: “Can Life Skills Education address and deal with disciplinary issues in Tshangkha Central School”. The research is carried out at Tshangkha Central School, Trongsa with classes IX – XII students.

This paper assesses whether life skills education can curb out the disciplinary problems in the school. It begins with a review of the literature on indiscipline; its types; causes; life skill education, and utilizes that literature to identify how ten core life skills could be applied to address and deal with disciplinary issues. Research methodology implored are questionnaire, applicability and transferability test, interview and school disciplinary records register. It is primarily a mixed method.

After the analysis of the data there has been evidence of Life Skills Education (LSE) being successful in addressing and dealing with disciplinary issues in Tshangkha Central School (TCS).

Open Access Original Research Article

Retail Format Usage: Pre-COVID-19 Benchmark Data, Pandemic Practice, and Emergent Influence

Barbara L. Stewart, Carole Goodson, Susan Miertschin

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 56-71
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1130367

Background: COVID-19 brought revolutionary change in consumer retail format behavior. Pre-pandemic, multiple retail formats were available, and consumers showed evidence of preference for particular formats. Then, the disruptions caused by store closures and stay-at-home mandates altered consumer behavior substantially.

Aims of the Study: The purpose of this work is to report the results of research on consumer preferences for retail formats as a benchmark for examination of changes in consumer usage of retail formats wrought by COVID-19 and projection of emergent post-pandemic behaviors. Pre-COVID-19, variety in retail formats proliferated. 

Methodology Employed: Survey methodology captured preferences, practices, and recommendations related to use of retail formats. Research questions included: a) Which retail formats do consumers prefer? b) Which digital tools do consumers use to make purchases? c) Does delivery mode and/or product type influence retail format preference? d) Does retail format influence impulse purchasing behavior? e) Do consumers mix retail formats when making product purchases? and f) What will be the implications of COVID-19 for retail format preference?

Results: Consumers reported differences in preferences for online, in-store, catalogue, and phone retail formats. Product type influenced consumer retail format preferences. Retail format influenced impulse purchase behaviors. Consumers used smart phones, laptops, desktops, tablets, email, discussion boards, social media, and social networks as purchasing tools.

Conclusions: This study investigated pre-pandemic consumer preferences and usage variables related to retail format. It provides benchmarks for examination of changes resultant from the massive retail disruptions of mandatory store closures and stay-at-home mandates. It further provides a framework for projections of emergent, post-pandemic behaviors.

Recommendations: The authors recommend further investigation of consumer retail format use during and subsequent to the height of the pandemic. Comparison of consumer usage pre- and post-pandemic can provide valuable input to retail planning.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Extra-curricular Activities on Students’ Academic Performance at Bhutanese HSS level: A Case of Orong Central School

Ugyen Penjor

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 72-82
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1130368

The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of extracurricular activities on the academic performance and students’ assessment towards the extra-curricular activities at higher secondary school ( HSS) level. The sample consisted of 156 students from five different classes (IX-XII). The classes were selected randomly. The study used a mixed method approach. The quantitative component integrated was 24 items of 4 Likert scale survey questionnaires categorized under three themes. The qualitative component incorporated students’ assessment on impact of extracurricular activities in academic performance were collected through open-ended questions. Data form survey questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive analysis (means and standard deviation) and inferential t-test was use for analysis of hypothesis. The qualitative raw date was thematically analyzed (transcribed, coded and categorized). The findings of the study indicated that that student who participated in extra-curricular activities either in Games or sports activities have high academic performance as compared to those who did not participate. It is recommended that the school should give facilities and proper time to the participants of extra-curricular activities and ensure every student’s participation.