Open Access Case study

Influence of Inclusive Programs of People with Disabilities on Community Development in Bungoma North Sub County

Simon Njiru Jeremiah, Isaac Abuga

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 65-77
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230384

The research investigated influence of inclusive programs of people with disabilities on community development at Bungoma North Sub County Kenya.  Mentality on disabled and disability treatment intimately connects with archaic cultural beliefs of humanity and society resonating to why this study and the researcher employed the approaches of understanding the contemporary inclusive programs for sustainable development. This research used descriptive survey research design study since it explained phenomenon and considering underlying questions of Phenomenon occurrence. Use of survey, collecting qualitative and descriptive information about inclusive programs of human beings with disability in the study population was utilized because the research tried to capture everyone within the study area. The research was based on structured questionnaires, which were distributed for data collection. Targeted population was 1000 people peaked from Bungoma North Sub County through stratified method of random sampling however this study drew 10% of the study population that is 100 respondents then issued with poll forms as data tools.  Finally but not least disability inclusion in community pops up at the center of realizing the economic and developmental ambitions of a nation or rather state.  Constituents for example management, policy, resources & environmental concept, strenuous access to social services among disabled human beings in government facilities, state owned corporations, private sectors or organizations, must be dealt with as crucial factors.  Equitable motivation of disabled should be crucial for the institutions and prompt remedy given to uplift the vigor on community development participation ensuring its elevated at peak.  This study explored recommendations such as cohesion disability awareness inclusive programs such as development initiatives, education/training in order to reserve adequate resources in ways such as time and finances to ensure optimum inclusion of disabled.

Open Access Opinion Article

Redefining the Senses of "Model of Teaching" and "Teaching Strategy": An Alternative Approach

Ioannis Fykaris, Maria Bimpa, Evangelos Tsekos, Ioanna Katerini, Vasileios Zagkotas

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 122-132
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230389

This article seeks to delineate the senses of "model of teaching" and "teaching strategy" and to determine the relationship between them and the regularity of their coexistence. Trying to formulate definitions also carries a serious risk of error. The literature review shows that the senses of "model of teaching" and "teaching strategy" alternate and are often presented as identical. Rarely used with different conceptual content. Usually, however, these two senses are confused, without being clear either of their possible tautology or of their difference. That is why this article attempts to redefine the two reference senses with an interpretive method and to formulate more precisely their structural semantic content. In the relevant literature the terms of Didactic generally do not formulate and do not accurately capture their basic conceptual definition, resulting in conceptual confusion, if not semantic distortions. Hence, the main aim of the article is teacher, but also for everyone involved in Didactic to understand precisely the meaning of the senses "model of teaching" and "teaching strategy".

Open Access Original Research Article

To Determine the Influence of Students’ Past Performance Component of Self-Efficacy on Examination Malpractices among Students in Kiambu County Universities Kenya

Kaindio Mauta Peter, Anne Muiru, Reuben Kenei

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230380

The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible influence of students’ self-efficacy on examination malpractices among undergraduate students in Universities within Kiambu County. The objectives of this study includes; to analyze the influence of students’ past performance component of self-efficacy. The data collected from the pilot test was used to compute Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient which was found to be r = 0.86, hence the instruments were reliable. The researcher ensured the validity of the instruments by consulting peers and experts from the department of educational psychology, Mount Kenya University. Dependability of qualitative data was ensured through adoption of suitable research method, pre-testing and in-depth interviews. Credibility of the instrument was ensured by triangulating data obtained and creation of research questionnaires based on research objectives. The quantitative data obtained was analyzed using SPSS version 21, and was presented in descriptive statistics inform of frequencies and percentages. Inferential statistics in form of linear regression was used to test the relationship between independent and dependent variables in each objective. Linear Regression Results were presented in model summary tables, ANOVA tables and coefficient tables. Content analysis method was employed to critically analyze qualitative data and presented in textual form. On the first objective, the study revealed that students’ past performance slightly influenced examination malpractices among undergraduate students. The study showed that students’ emotional experiences significantly influenced examination malpractices. Based on the finding, students’ self-efficacy has significant influence on examination malpractices. To address the issue of students’ self-efficacy on examination malpractices, a multi-sectoral approach would be needed, that may involve all the stake holders, that is, the larger society, the government and the students. The incorporation of modern technology in entire process of examination administration and certification would be important in reducing the examination malpractices. An examination policy shift in universities would be necessary too.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Teacher Professional Development on Teaching and Learning in Public Technical Institutes in the Upper West Region, Ghana

Benedict Akpem, Nicholas Tetteh, Dickson Adom

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 13-31
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230381

Teacher Professional Development (TPD) has received global recognition as one of the most essential elements required for increasing teachers’ knowledge and skills and improving students’ learning. However, not much account has been given on the influence or otherwise of TPD since some appears ineffective in supporting changes in teacher practices and student learning. This study examined the influence of teacher professional development on teaching and learning in public Technical Institutes in the Upper West Region, Ghana.The study adopted the concurrent mixed method design, utilizing both quantitative and qualitative datasets.The study was conducted between September 2019 to September 2020 in two technical institutes, namely, St. Basilide’s Technical Institute and the Wa Technical Institute in the Nadowli-Kaleo district and Wa Municipality respectively. The study sought to find out the type of TPD that teachers in public Technical Institutes in the Upper West Region participate in; evaluate the relationship between TPD and teaching and learning; as well as assess the challenges confronting teachers relative to access to professional development programmes. Evidence was obtained through the use of interview as well as questionnaires including both open and closed ended questions and a 5-point Likert scale. A sample size of 220 was obtained from a total target population of 1,072 at 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error.

Results: The findings showed that teachers in public Technical Institutes have considerable access to teacher professional development provided by the Ghana Education Service (GES), Ghana National Association of Teachers, Non-Governmental Organizations, Subject Associations, among others. Like the teachers, majority of the students have a very positive account about how well their teachers teach and how well they themselves are learning. It was found that a highly significant positive relationship (r (44) =.745, p˂.01 given ɑ =.01 and p-value=.000) exists between teachers’ participation in teacher professional development and teaching and learning. Furthermore, the study also showed a Kendall’s Coefficient of Concordance (W) of 0.212 in the ranking of challenges or barriers affecting teacher professional development. The study contends that GES should put in place policies to encourage teachers to participate in professional development programs; the GES should also encourage and partly fund individual schools particularly technical institutes to conduct subject-based in-service training for teachers among others.

Open Access Original Research Article

Psychosocial Features for Identifying Hate Speech in Social Media Text

Edward Ombui, Lawrence Muchemi, Peter Wagacha

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 32-51
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230382

This study uses natural language processing to identify hate speech in social media codeswitched text. It trains nine models and tests their predictiveness in recognizing hate speech in a 50k human-annotated dataset. The article proposes a novel hierarchical approach that leverages Latent Dirichlet Analysis to develop topic models that assist build a high-level Psychosocial feature set we call PDC. PDC organizes words into word families, which helps capture codeswitching during preprocessing for supervised learning models. Informed by the duplex theory of hate, the PDC features are based on a hate speech annotation framework. Frequency-based models employing the PDC feature on tweets from the 2012 and 2017 Kenyan presidential elections yielded an f-score of 83 percent (precision: 81 percent, recall: 85 percent) in recognizing hate speech. The study is notable because it publicly exposes a rich codeswitched dataset for comparative studies. Second, it describes how to create a novel PDC feature set to detect subtle types of hate speech hidden in codeswitched data that previous approaches could not detect.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing the Extent of Application of Competency Based Education and Training Approach in Classroom Instruction in Technical and Vocational Education Training Institutions in Kenya

Kogo Wilson Kipngetich, Moses Kapkiai, Chumba Sammy

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 52-64
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230383

Aims: The major purpose of this study was to assess the extent of application of CBET approach in classroom instruction

Study Design: The study utilized the descriptive survey research design.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was undertaken in TVET institutions in the North Rift Region, Kenyabetween March 2021 to June 2021.

Methodology: Purposive, stratified and simple random sampling was used to sample 280 respondents.The study included 280 respondents of which 152 were males and 128 females with an age range of 35 – 56 years.

Results: This study targeted Principals, 6 Industrial Liaisons Officers (ILO), 285 trainers’ and 18 Industrial Supervisors who were associated with either TVET institution or industry. Fromitheitotalisampleisize of 285, 98.2% representing 280 questionnaires for trainers were positively responded to the case request. Findings showed that application of classroom instruction has a moderate positive and significant influence on integration of CBET approach in TVET institutions (r = .476, P< 0.001).

Conclusion: The present study rejected the null hypothesis and concludes that the relationship is statistically significant. The sample data support the notion that the relationship between the independent variable and dependent variable exists in the population of TVET institutions in the North Rift. Thus the hypothesis (Ho1) was rejected. This implies that application of classroom instruction influences integration of CBET approach in TVET institutions.

Open Access Original Research Article

Post Occupancy Evaluation of Students’ Satisfaction with Hostel Facilities in Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria

Falilat Kadir, M. B. Ogunleye, AbdulAkeem O. Otunola

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 78-89
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230385

The study focuses on post occupancy evaluation of students’ satisfaction with hostels facilities in Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State with a view to determine factors that promote users’ satisfaction with the hostel facility in terms of its services/amenities provided, structural features, environmental features, accommodation details and locational attributes. The hostel is wholly under the management and control of the Polytechnic. Four Hundred and Sixty (460) respondents were taken as the sample size for the study. 28 structured questionnaires were administered to the workforce of the hostel management using purposive sampling while 432 structured questionnaires were administered to the students occupying the school hostel. A total of 341 (74%) questionnaires was returned and found valid for analysis. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistical techniques such as frequency distribution table, Weighted Mean Score (WMS) and Relative Importance Indexes (RII). Findings revealed that there were mixed levels of satisfaction with elements of student hostel facilities. There was a strong indication of satisfaction with the environmental features compared to the other four elements of the hostel facilities. The students were dissatisfied with facilities either because they are inadequate in number or quality or because of the location. The study recommends that the polytechnic management should ensure that facilities that aid students' academic performance should be prioritized. This will help to improve the satisfaction level among students with hostel facilities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Preferences of the Respondents for the Payment for Environmental Services among the Rural Farming Households in Oyo State Nigeria

Adesiyan Olusegun Israel

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 90-98
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230386

This study attempted to uncover the factors that influence preferences of the poor farming households for the attributes of Payment for environmental services (PES) in the Oyo State farm settlement Nigeria. Educational attainment, age of the respondents, previous knowledge of PES, land tenure, provision of micro credit, number of dependents, marital status and main occupation of the respondents. Dependent variable is preference for PES attributes.A multi-stage sampling technique was employed for this study.This study used exclusively Primary data.Which were collected through the use of a well-structured questionnaires and interview schedule for the literate and non-literate farmers respectivelyTotal sample of 395 out of 547respondents (i.e.72%) were drawn cumulatively. The regression results showed that previous knowledge of PES and provision of microcredit are significant at 5% each, while land ownership right is significant at 10% in the educational poverty group. In the consumption poverty group, previous knowledge of PES is significant at 5%, while land ownership right is positively significant at 1%, respectively. Housing/living standard poverty group; previous knowledge of PES and land ownership rights   are significant at 5% each. From the findings of this study, it implies that if micro credit facilities are provided to these poor farming households, they will be willing to conserve the environmental resources (i.e. agricultural land). It therefore suggests that a well thought institutional arrangement with PES in view could be put up to enhance natural resource conservation and by extension reduction of poverty.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Structured Teaching Programme to Enhance the Knowledge Regarding Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene among Adolescent Girls

Deepa Mukherjee

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 99-103
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230387

The researcher conducted a quasi-experimental study on menstruation and menstrual hygiene among the adolescent girls at primary girls’ school (ajarpura kanyasala) under Anand district Gujarat. The study was intended to see the impact of a structured teaching programme in improving the knowledge of adolescent girls specific to rural areas. The objectives of the study were to assess the existing knowledge, to develop a structured teaching program on menstruation and menstrual hygiene, to assess the knowledge after implementation of structured teaching programmes and to find out the association between the knowledge score of the respondent with the selected demographic variables. The quantitative research approach was used with one group pre-test post-test- quasi experimental research design. The sample of 50 was drawn using probability sampling technique. The tool used was structured knowledge questionnaire. The result shows that majority of the respondents were (92%) in the age group of 12-13 years, most of the respondents (90%) were Hindu religion, the family income for most of the respondent (64%) falls in between Rs. 2000-3000, almost half of the respondents were having an elder female sibling (52%), and initial assessment reveals most of the respondents were (82%) having some knowledge about menstruation and menstrual hygiene. The finding shows significant difference between mean pre-test score (15.56) and post test score (27.80) which also reveals the importance of right information is needed to this group to discard any irrelevant practices. The association with certain demographic variables (age, family income, elder female sibling, information about menstruation) also established at 0.05 level of significance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Study on Standard of English in Primary School Pupils with Special Reference to Teachers Professionalism

Tshering Dorji

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 104-121
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230388

First and foremost, the goal of this research is to determine the level of English proficiency among primary school students. Secondly, this study looked into the professionalism of the teacher. Thirdly, this study looks into the factors that may have a negative impact on the standard of English among primary school students. Fourthly, it examines the teacher's ability to teach English to primary school children in the pursuit of quality education.

To ensure efficient and effective data collection, this study relied solely on the non-experimental design-descriptive survey method with a quantitative approach. Pre-testing of survey questionnaires was carried out to ensure consistency and reliability.This study was based on researcher classroom experiences. The research was mostly carried out in Bhutan under the auspices of the Department of School Education. The research began on the 18th of December, 2020, and ended on the 18th of May, 2021.

The findings, recommendations, and limitations of the study were totally based on the 60 sample collections. The researcher used SPSS and the Microsoft Excel sheet for tabulations and interpretation of data. For the data analysis the researcher used the SAS software and Microsoft Excel.

Open Access Original Research Article

Working Away from Home, Coping Strategies, Quality of Working Life, Well-being and Performance

Andrew P. Smith

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 133-141
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230390

Background:  There has been recent interest in the problems associated with studying or working away from home. A recent model of “working away” describes appropriate coping strategies across the time course from preparing to leave home for work, adapting to work away and returning home from work. Support for this model has come from studies of international students, and the aim of the present study was to extend this to workers from Asia who work in the service industry in the Middle East.

Aims: The study aimed to examine associations between working away strategies and quality of working life, well-being and performance efficiency. Established predictors of these outcomes were statistically controlled.

Methodology:  The research was carried out with the approval of the School of Psychology, Cardiff University, ethics committee and the informed consent of the participants (N=216; mean age = 38.3 years s.d. = 9.2). An online survey was carried out, and regressions were used to examine associations between the working away strategies and the outcomes.

Results: Working away strategies were significantly associated with better quality of working life, more positive well-being and better performance. An unexpected result was that these strategies were also associated with more negative well-being. This possibly reflects negative factors leading to the use of working away strategies, which subsequently lead to positive outcomes.

Conclusion: The results of this study confirm earlier research that shows associations between working away strategies and quality of working life, positive well-being and performance efficiency. The use of these strategies may initially be related to underlying stress, and their subsequent use then leads to beneficial outcomes.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Influencing Disclosure of Intimate Partner Violence among Young and Middle Aged Women (15-50 Years) in Selected Primary Health Centers, Oyo State

Oladotun Nike Oloruntosin, Akinwale Oladayo Damilola, Akinbowale Busayo Temilola, Adegoke Juliet Ifeoluwa

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 142-154
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230391

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious global public health problem and contributes significantly to high rate of domestic violence. IPV remains the most prevalent form of violence against women (VAW) worldwide; and global estimates of VAW suggest that 35% of all women will experience either IPV or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the factors influencing disclosure of intimate partner violence among women aged 25-50 years in selected Primary Health Centres, Oyo State. This study is a descriptive research survey design conducted among young and middle age women in selected primary health care centres, Ibadan North-West Local Government Area, Oyo State between August and September, 2021. Sample size was calculated using Leslie Kish formula and the total number of sample used were three hundred and five (305) women. Facilities were selected using multistage sampling technique while the samples were selected using convenient sampling technique. A structured questionnaire on factors influencing intimate partner disclosure with reliability index of 0.75 was used for data collection. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation while inferential statistics of chi-square was used to test stated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed high prevalence of intimate partner violence among women, majority of women were willing to disclose intimate partner violence with their family, pastors or imam. However, reason for non disclosure were attributed to the fact that they have never experience intimate partners before, intimate partner violence has become normal things among couples, fear of being stigmatized and that disclosing the violence will not change anything. Factors influencing the disclosure of intimate partner violence include dependence on partner for financial support, societal views about intimate partner violence, level of education , years of relationship, presence of children, religious belief, fear of worse outcomes, social support , access to information about intimate partners violence , feeling of embarrassment/shame, taking intimate partners as normal and societal status of partners, were identified as factors influencing intimate partners disclosure among young and middle age women. This study concluded that many young and middle age women experienced intimate partner violence and many of them are willing to disclose it to others. Therefore, awareness about intimate partner violence and the dangers of non-disclosure should be created among women.

Open Access Original Research Article

Does Self-Efficacy have a Relationship with Career Aspiration? A Study among Secondary School Students in Anambra State

Chinyelu Nwokolo, Nwanna Uju Christiana

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 155-161
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i1230392

Aims: In Anambra state, Nigeria, making a choice of career has remained a constant challenge for many students, especially those in the senior secondary who are on the verge of making a choice of career. This study investigated academic self-efficacy as predictor of achievement career aspiration of secondary school students in Anambra State, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study while two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.

Methodology: The study adopted a correlation research design. The study was carried out in Anambra State. The sample 2,700 SS1 and SS 2 students were selected from a population of 32,450 senior secondary school students. Two research instruments were used for data collection. These are: Career Aspiration Scale (CAS) and Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES). The internal consistency reliability of the instruments was established using Cronbach Alpha statistics. The results are as follows:  CAS 0.891; ASES 0.842. Copies of the questionnaire were distributed and retrieved through direct delivery method. Data collected were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Simple linear regression analysis was used in answering research questions and testing the hypotheses.

Results: The finding of the study revealed among others that academic self-efficacy of the secondary school students is not a significant predictor of their career aspiration.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that academic self-efficacy of secondary school students is not a significant predictor of their achievement career, leaderships and educational aspiration. It was recommended that Guidance Counsellors working in secondary schools should organise workshops that will be geared towards enhancing students’ academic self-efficacy and help them in aspiring for careers that are in line with their academic self-efficacy.