Open Access Short Research Article

The Earthquake Song to Improve Early Childhood’s English Vocabularies in Indonesia

Pupung Puspa Ardini, Mohamad Topan Riswan Hela, Hijrah Syahputra, Rapi Us Djuko, Irvin Novita Arifin, Sri Wahyuningshih Laiya

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v30i430136

The research was conducted with the aim to know the effect of music and movement on the vocabulary abilities of english words of early childhood in kindergarten of children 5-6 years old in Indonesia. This is an experimental research using pretest-posttest design. This research was conducted On January and early February 2019. The subjects of this study were group B, which amounted to 30 children 16 boys and 14 girls. The object of this research is the ability of english vocabulary in children. the data about the ability of english vocabulary of children through giving the performance assessment instruments. From the results of the research obtained, the influence between music and movement on the english vocabulary abilities of children with PV values = 5.311 with a total R-value of 68 or 0.683 r is higher than r-total using polled variance with a significance level of 5% or 0, 05. While the results of the t-test show that the value of t = -8.34 and t-table 0.683, in other words, the t-score is higher than the t-table or p-value> alpha then H0 is rejected or Ha is accepted. There is an influence of motion and song on children's vocabulary abilities in kindergarten of children 5-6 years old. Through music and movement, children can learn vocabulary effectively and concretely. Children do every component of language, listening, speaking, reading, and writing also moving.

Open Access Policy Article

Strategically Leveraging Infrastructure and Financing Options for Sustainable Economic Growth in Resource-based Economies

Susan Smith Nash, Gary Stading, Larry R. Davis

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v30i430135

This paper proposes solutions and next steps toward developing a balanced approach that strategically leverages existing infrastructure for a diversified economy and sustainable growth for resource-based economies. It includes expanding financing opportunities in these countries with a combination of infrastructure policies and energy technologies and capturing the opportunities using supply chain technologies. The goals are to avoid both “debt traps” and “Dutch Disease” by leveraging existing infrastructure within a plan that incorporates supply chain management the prudent use of available financing and strategic partnership, such as China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030.

Open Access Original Research Article

Grit in Online Education

Nicole Buzzetto-Hollywood, Kathy Quinn, Wendy Wang, Austin Hill

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v30i430132

Aim: This study sought to explore the role of the elusive non-cognitive skill set known as grit, or the resolve and determination to achieve goals regardless of impediments, on student success in online education. It represents an area of exploration where there is a dearth in the available literature and reports the results of a study conducted at a Mid-Atlantic minority-serving university that examined the relationship between grit and student performance in fully online courses.

Methodology: Students were administered the standard 12-Question Grit Scale with the addition of a series of validated questions that sought to measure perceived self-learning efficacy. Additionally, student performances in online courses were recorded and correlations conducted. Basic statistical analyses such as mean, mode, standard deviation, variance, and confidence interval were calculated. Two hypotheses were introduced as part of this study and tested with Anovas and crosstabulations.

Results: This study found that higher grit scores correlated progressively to both self-discipline and self-efficacy but that a positive relationship to student achievement in fully online courses as measured with a p value of greater than .05 could not be confirmed.

Conclusion: As online education continues to grow, providing opportunities to foster and strengthen student success in online courses and programs is increasingly important. E-learning success requires that students exhibit strong self-regulation, self-discipline, resilience, dutifulness, conscientiousness, and low impulsivity all of which are attributes of grit. As such, grit is presented as a promising area of exploration for increasing student achievement in online education.

Open Access Original Research Article

Psychometric Properties of Iranian Elder Abuse Questionnaire (Long Form)

Shahrbanoo Ghahari, Maryam Yeke Fallah, Abouzar Nouri Talemi, Mehran Zarghami, Fatemeh Viesy, Nooshin Khademolreza, Raoofeh Ghayoomi

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v30i430133

Aim: Increasing elder population has ledto Elder abuse as an extensively recognized complicated general health issues. This study was carried out to examine psychometric properties of Iranian Elder Abuse Questionnaire.

Methodology: This study was performed within two steps using combined qualitative-quantitative method. At first step, authors interviewed psychologists and elderly people using phenomenology method to determine the concept of elder abuse. Then the questionnaire was developed to address elder abuse. At second step, validity of instrument and internal consistency of questionnaire were examined. Statistical population consisted of all elder persons living in Alborz Province in Iran; of them, 400 members were selected as sample members using convenient sampling method. Results: According to the results obtained from first step, questionnaire consists of 43 items. The results of explanatory factor analysis indicate 13 factors including emotionalabuse, neglect, ignoring needs, compulsion, financial abuse, insulting, deprivation, imposition, secrecy, domination, psychological pressure, mistreatment, and sexual humiliation; these 13 factors could explain 71.06% of variance of thequestionnaire. The obtained Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (0.86) indicates suitable internal consistency of questionnaire.

Conclusion: Considering the psychometric properties this questionnaire the Ghahar’s Elder Abuse Questionnaire is a suitable instrument to evaluate different dimensions of elder abuse in Iranian community.

Open Access Original Research Article

Providing Information through Smart Platforms: An Applied Study on Academic Libraries in Saudi Universities

Mohammed A. Abdulla, Abdulla M. Esmaeel

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-24
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v30i430134

Information services using smart platforms have become one of the demands of this era since the much of information centres' users prefer using them for their speed and simplicity, capacity and efficiency in collecting vast amounts of information that meets the user's needs. Smartphones have spread out globally in a dramatic form, which means that libraries and information centres are now facing tremendous challenges to meet the needs of its users.

This study aims at highlighting the efforts of the Library Information Services Specialists' of providing information services by the use of smart platforms that have been applied in Saudi Academic Libraries and Centres, which have delivered the said services. The main requirements for offering information services via smart platforms in the academic libraries and Information Centers were considered the subject of the study (Saudi academic Library and Resource centres at Saudi Universities). However, the significance of the study relies on empowering the researchers and students to have the means of free access to the research, studies, and all sources of digital information via their smartphones.

The study consists of two parts, applied and theoretical fields in its methodology. The implementation of the applied research involved conducting a survey among the information services providers at the Saudi academic Libraries and Resource centres at Saudi Universities. Several users of the said libraries have conducted well-planned interviews with 156 information professionals and researchers to identify their views, insights, and opinions on the benefits of offering information services via smart platforms. The theoretical part took from the resources’, references and websites that discussed the aforementioned topic. Also addressed were its obstacles facing the said services in the era of information technology as the study sought to find out the answer.