Open Access Original Research Article

University Teachers’ Perception of Quality in Higher Education in Ethiopia: A Case Study of Dire Dawa University

Melaku Masresha Woldeamanuel, Belay Sitotaw Goshu

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v31i430156

This article empirically assesses perception of quality in higher education in Ethiopia.  The data was collected from one higher educational institution where the staffs are graduates of 31 different universities in Ethiopia. The information used in this study was obtained through administration of questionnaires. The main participants are the academic staff of the University. The total number of staff that participated in the research was 365. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 365 teachers (302 male and 63 female) and seventeen classrooms were observed and twelve group discussions carried out with participants of Ethiopian educational roadmap. Data were analyzed by both descriptive statistics of percentages and inferential statistics of, t-test, correlation and one way ANOVA. Results indicated that teacher’ valued input indicators of quality of education more than process and output indicators. Output indicators received the lowest rating. Teachers’ practice also indicated that they apply process indicators in a reasonable manner. The results of relationship between practices of teaching learning processes revealed that, as teachers’ perception toward quality teaching learning process increases their practice of elements of constructivism also increases.

Open Access Original Research Article

Teacher Self-efficacy and Its Antecedents among Post Graduate Diploma in Teaching Trainees of Dilla University: Implications for Ethiopian Secondary School Teacher Education

Alemayehu Habte

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v31i430157

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of self-efficacy belief of Post Graduate Diploma in Teaching (PGDT) trainees of Dilla university and identify the factors that affect their belief with the intention of recommending possible improvement strategies to enhance effectiveness of the pre-service teacher education in program. To this end, descriptive survey design was employed because of its suitability for gathering data on attitudes, beliefs and predictions, behavior and experiences both in the past and the present. The study was conducted in Dilla University, Ethiopia on 2017 summer modality prospective graduates of Post Graduate Diploma in Teaching Program. From the total of 568 (161 Female & 407 male) prospective graduates who were attending the program, 112 trainees were selected as a sample using stratified random sampling technique. The results indicated that trainees have marginally average level of efficacy which suggested that they can have only ‘Some influence’ on their students’ learning performance and behavior. It was also found that attitude to teaching (β= .573, t=10.129, p<.01) was the biggest contributor to self-efficacy belief followed by teachers’ professional collaboration in secondary schools (β= .198, t= 5.276, p=.002) and in-campus training practice (β= .146, t=3.201, p<.05) respectively. In contrast to popular expectations, no significant mean difference was observed in trainees’ efficacy scores in terms of their Cumulative Grade Point Average. Based on these findings, it was concluded that trainees’ efficacy with regard to bringing desired impact on secondary school students’ achievement and behavior was not adequate and requires immediate attention. Hence, it was recommended that graduates should be given on-job training and teachers’ professional collaboration in Ethiopian secondary schools should be further strengthened with more emphasis on the affective dimension of the profession.

Open Access Original Research Article

Open Landfill Biomedical Wastes Disposal System and Impact on Health as Perceived by Health Workers

E. Ita, Effangha, E. Effiom, John

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v31i430158

This paper examined the influence of open land fill as a biomedical wastes disposal system and perceived impact on health among health workers in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. One hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Literature review was carried out based on the variable under study. Ex-post facto research design was considered most suitable for the study. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the 401 respondents sampled for the study. A validated 30 item four point modified likert scale questionnaire was the instrument utilized for data collection. The reliability estimate of the instrument was 0.91 using Cronbach Alpha method. To test the hypotheses formulated for the study simple linear regression statistical too was used at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there was a significant positive influence of open land fill of biomedical wastes on health as perceived by health workers in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. It was recommended among others that dumpsites should be properly located and managed to minimize its effects on residents and government and municipalities should revise laws regarding the locations of the dumpsites.

Open Access Original Research Article

Relationship between Creative Thinking and Students Academic Performance in English Language and Mathematics: The Moderating Role of Gender

Mahama, Inuusah, Kwaw, Regine, Mensah, Kwame Jonathan, Acheampong, Ebenezer, Marfo, Richard

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v31i430159

Aims: This study sought to explore the moderating role of gender in the relationship between creative thinking and academic performance in English Language and Mathematics among Junior High School students in the Aboom Circuit, Cape Coast.

Study Design: The design for the study is correlational espousing the quantitative approach. The study was guided by two research hypotheses, which were tested using Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and Andrew F. Hayes Moderation Process. The instruments for the data collection were Kumar, Kemmler and Holman (1997) Creativity Styles Questionnaire-Revised (CSQ-R) and standardised-type test developed by experts in the various subject areas.

Results: The study revealed significant relationship between creative thinking and academic performance of students (English Language: r=.432, n=140, p=0.05, p=.003, 2-tailed; Mathematics: r=.401, n=140 p=0.05, p=0.000, 2-talied). The study further revealed that gender moderated significantly in the relationship between creativity and academic performance (English Language: b=-.276, t=-2.398, CI= -.485, -.088; Mathematics: b=-.300, t=-2.198, CI= -.564, -.070). As such, male respondents had higher creative thinking effect in English Language and Mathematics than female respondents (b=.371, t=4.608, CI [.212, .530; b=.219, t=2.286, CI [.030, .407]).

Conclusion: Creative thinking indeed relates to performance, as such, it was recommended  that creative thinking should be nurtured among all students in J.H.S. In addition, stakeholders in education should consider including creative thinking in the curriculum and pay special attention to nurturing creative think in female students so that they could match up with their male counterparts.

Open Access Review Article

Gender Issues in Alcohol Consumption: A Study of Equiano’s Travels, Nwapa’s Efuru and Achebe’s Things Fall Apart

Uche Uwaezuoke Okonkwo, Ngozi Anyachonkeya

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2019/v31i430155

This paper appraises gender issues in alcohol consumption in Africa, in terms of processing and control using Oladuah Equiano’s autobiography- Equiano’s Travels, Flora Nwapa’s Efuru, and Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. These three literary texts are thoughtfully chosen for the study, in view of the fact that Equiano pioneered African literature, and advanced by Flora Nwapa and Chinua Achebe in their debut, Efuru and Things Fall Apart, published in 1966 and 1958, respectively. In Equiano’s Travels, published in 1789, Equiano capture and document the Igbo lifestyle in its nativity. Scholars have attempted to look at the works of these literary titans from several perspectives and themes but, to the best of the knowledge of these researchers, they have not enquired into the Igbo lifestyle in alcohol consumption and given it the desired academic attention as amply presented in the literary works of these literary paragons and pathfinders, as the present study intends to do. While Achebe looks at the traditional humane living of Igbo society in the hinterland in its pre-colonial period, Nwapa discusses the lifestyle and folkways of Igbo Lake people of Oguta. Nwapa presents a segment of this Igbo society, which grants women access to alcoholic drink in the public, in sharp contrast to the rest of Igbo society that restricts women from drinking the same liqueur. Likely, the ample liberty and tremendous respect accorded to the female folk in Oguta Igbo subculture may be responsible for this, coupled with the fact that the river deity of the Lake, Uhamiri goddess, may have provided further evidence to the improved status accorded to women. Thus, Nwapa in the pages of her literary works, especially in Efuru and One Is Enough, brings to our doorstep the lifestyle and folkways of Ogbuide Lake people of Oguta, which enable women to enjoy this unrestricted liberty of self-expression and audacious access to alcoholic drinks at the profane gaze of men, as it was. Equiano, through his travails and escapades of slavery, shows the changing trends in alcohol drinking and culture especially the differences in female drinking cultures based on geography and climate. Today, the ethos of Igbo society has changed remarkably. The paper seeks to investigate these details using Achebe's Things Fall Apart and Nwapa’s Efuru as well as Equiano’s Travels, our texts of focus. The inquiry is essentially literary or library research.