Open Access Short communication

Challenges of Mathematics in Economic Development in the Twenty-First Century: Implications for Tertiary Education

Marcel P. Agah

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 20-25
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330206

This paper examines the vital importance and significance of Mathematics to the culture of the modern Technological world with particular reference to the role of Mathematics for the achievements of the Economic Goals in the twenty-first century. It takes account of the curriculum, pedagogy of teaching, enrolment and teaching facilities. Besides, suggestions for the improvement of the situation to enable mathematics and mathematicians meet up the challenges of our economic goals are made. It concludes by stressing for a more relevant Mathematics and a greater exposure of Mathematics students to the application of the discipline such that they can contribute more meaningfully to the development of our-nation. Nigeria like all other nations aspires towards technological advancement and economic prosperity in order to attain sustainable development in the twenty-first century. Such aspiration can only materialize when the right education is made available to lay the foundation for the manpower that will steer the country forward.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farmers’ Use of Personal Protection Equipment in Jeshore and Rajshahi Districts of Bangladesh

Md. Safiul Islam Afrad, Aliyu Akilu Barau, Md. Enamul Haque, Mohammad Habibullah

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330204

Personal protection equipment (PPE) is used by farmers when dealing with crop protection products. Owing to its relevance, this survey assessed the status of PPE use by the farmers. The survey focused on two districts (Jeshore and Rajshahi) of Bangladesh. Descriptive research design was used to achieve the survey objective including both quantitative and qualitative techniques. Findings revealed that the mean age of respondents was 39.5 years with an average annual income of BDT 194,540.0 (USD 2,434.8), having very poor training exposure, but expressed positive perception on PPE use. Upon exposure to any crop protection product, the farmers wash it off immediately, and mostly clean with soap and water within one hour of spray completion. Frequently experienced difficulty was skin burn, and whenever contamination or poisoning occurs local domestic first aid methods were adopted or contact was made to village quacks. Qualitative findings revealed similar information, however, in addition, farmers especially, youth were found to have adopted “traditional PPE,” which involves wearing of trousers, long sleeve shirts, polythene in place of hand gloves and cotton napkin to cover their faces. It was suggested that organized campaigns and effective information dissemination would encourage adequate and proper application of PPE. Use of PPE becomes inevitable for farmers’ safety with advancement in science and technology and its consequential effects. It is, therefore, obvious that the all stakeholders in agriculture and agri-allied industries take awareness creation and training on PPE use as part of their core agenda to avert hazard and ensure safety.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mental Alertness, Self-esteem and Emotional Intelligence of Underprivileged Students: A Remedial Intervention Program

N. Maheshbabu, S. Madhushree

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 15-19
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330205

Aim: To assess the remedial training intervention on mental alertness, self-esteem, emotional intelligence of underprivileged.

Study Design: The present study is experimental design and adopts remedial intervention program.

Place and Duration of Study: Underprivileged students of high school (Bidar district of North Karnataka, India).

Methodology: Underprivileged students of 9th standard were selected from Government high schools located in Bidar district using the purposive sampling technique and in the first phase, the pre-test was conducted and based on the results the intervention program over a period of six months was conducted. Mental alertness scale developed by Srivastava [1] self-esteem scale developed by Prasad Thakur [2] and emotional intelligence developed by Shettal Prasad [3]. The questionnaires were administered in both phases i.e. pre-test and post-test.

Sample: Underprivileged students 120 studying at 9th grade were included both boys and girls.

Results: Paired t-test was used for data analysis and it was found that there is a significant difference in mental alertness, self-esteem and emotional intelligence of underprivileged in post-test; this means remedial intervention training has an effect on students learning process.

Conclusion: The remedial intervention program has an effect on mental alertness, self-esteem and emotional intelligence. Therefore, underprivileged students’ needs special care and attention for their learning process as they are lack in proper parenting style and hence such remedial program can be planned based upon the students’ academic achievements and this should be the major part of the school curriculum for underprivileged.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Developmental Readiness of Government School Teachers

Chandandeep Kaur Gill, Deepika Vig, Asha Chawla

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 26-32
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330208

School readiness involves readiness in terms of ability to reading, writing and use numbers along with emotional and psychological readiness to make successful entry to formal schooling. It has been established that academic readiness is the most important component of school readiness. The present study was aimed to assess the knowledge of rural and urban government school teachers of Ludhiana regarding developmental readiness. The study was based on 100 teachers (i.e. 50 rural and 50 urban) teaching Class – I. The sample was selected from seven Government Primary Schools purposively selected from rural as well as urban locales of Ludhiana District. Self- Structured Teachers’ Knowledge Questionnaire was used to assess the academic readiness of rural and urban government school children. The questionnaire comprised of five open ended questions relating to academic readiness expected to be achieved by students of Class-I. The comparison between knowledge levels of rural and urban teachers revealed that urban teachers had better knowledge than rural teachers. Teachers play an important role in building a child’s success in their first years of school. They provide structure and help children grow in their pre-reading and pre-writing skills, teach pre-arithmetical skills and help children understand themselves.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on the Background and Process of Postgraduates’ Academic English Learning in China

Yuehong Wei, Chungang Miao

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 33-41
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330209

In order to provide reference for postgraduate academic English teaching in China, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive survey in learning background and process before learners go to the graduate school. This study focuses on the academic English course for postgraduates in a key university of China, and the in-depth investigation was carried out from the aspects of students’ majors, graduation colleges, English learning foundation, learning attitudes, English learning and especially academic English learning experience, motivation and knowledge of academic English learning. The triangulation combining the quantitative method and qualitative method was used to analyze the research data. The results shows that the English learners have weak academic English foundation but strong English learning motivation and employ single English learning strategy. The learners reported the effective learning methods of academic English from two aspects: basic English learning skills and academic English learning ability. Accordingly, how to develop the teaching model, carry out the teaching process and define the teaching content are discussed in this research.

Open Access Original Research Article

Relationship between Students’ Achievement in Essay and Practical Tests on Biology in Nsukka Education Zone

Ifeanyi I. Adonu, Ekene H. Obiora

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 42-46
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330210

This study investigated the relationship between students’ achievement in practical and essaytests on biology. Two research questions were formulated- (i) what is the difference in the mean score of students in practical and essay tests in mock biology examinations? (ii) what is the measure of relationship (correlation coefficient) of students’ achievement in practical and essay aspects of biology tests? The research was conducted among public secondary schools in Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State with a sampled population of 560 biology students (321 males and 239 females) from randomly sampled schools from the three local government areas in the zone.The Correlation survey research design was adopted for this study and the instrument of data collection were the results of the 2018 students’ mock practical and theoretical tests on biology from the sampled schools.The data collected were analysed using Descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) for research question 1, while the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient analysis was used for research question 2. The findings of the study revealed that a weak positive association existed between the students’ achievementin practical and essay biology tests. So, the achievement in one aspect does not in any way influence the achievement in the other. The study thus recommends that: (1) teachers should have good mastery and evaluation techniques of all components of biology so that students would approach them with equal ability; (2) parents should encourage the students to develop interest and ability in the different components of biology; and (3) government should provide and equip biology laboratories to ensure students’ utilization of same.

Open Access Original Research Article

The White Cane. Its Effectiveness, Challenges and Suggestions for Effective Use: The Case of Akropong School for the Blind

Isaac Attia, Daniel Asamoah

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 47-55
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i330211

The article analyses the effectiveness and challenges of the use of the white cane and makes suggestions for its effective use. We explain that the white cane is one of the widely used and famous orientation and mobility (O&M) tools designed for pupils with visual impairment to move independently in their environment. By employing the descriptive qualitative design, we draw our findings from 12 participants who were pupils of the Akropong School for the Blind in Ghana. We make implications and conclude on the findings for policy formulation on the white cane, and make suggestions for future research work.