Open Access Policy Article

Multilingualism as Curriculum Policy in Cameroon Education System

Yaro Loveline

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 26-35
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630233

The concern on the effective inclusion of indigenous languages in the school curriculum has been central to educational discussions among scholars and stakeholders. It is true that language as a medium of communication is very vital for sustainable growth in any society. However, the level of implementation of the policy of multilingualism in classrooms in Cameroon poses so many pedagogical challenges. While the Government is collaborating with private agencies such as PROPELCA(Cameroon National Language Association) in introducing the teaching of national languages in primary schools,  and though the Government through the Ministry of Basic Education has also created an inspectorate in charge of the introduction of indigenous languages in Primary schools, there still exist some resistance from stakeholders to introduce the teaching of native languages in the curriculum of schools despite recommendations made in the 1995 education forum and the provision in article 4 section 5 of the 1998 Education Law. The study argues that, since the introduction of multilingualism as curriculum policy in Cameroon, its implementation is still at the pilot stage. Using the Historical analytic approach, data was collected from primary and secondary sources in establishing the level of use of the curriculum policy of multilingualism as a guide to teaching and learning in schools in Cameroon.

Open Access Minireview Article

Global Citizenship Education Practices and Teacher Education: A Review of Literature

Kumari Ekanayake, Mohd Shukri, Ali Khatibi, S. M. Ferdous Azam

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 36-47
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630234

Global Citizenship Education (GCE) is considered as the core purpose of education at all levels in this contemporary world by the global educational scholars. It is the education which focuses to generate empathetic world citizens with multiple coping skills, conducive to function instantly with the challenges and opportunities they encounter in the current world. This scenario demands innovations in teacher education to make the teachers competent in delivering such education to their students. This study intends to identify the relationship between global citizenship education and teacher education based on the literature review.

Open Access Original Research Article

Resilience and Adolescents Educational Advancement among Secondary School Students in Mbanga Sub Division, Cameroon

N. Zinkeng Martina, Hannah A. Kolle, Nsom Emmanuel

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630230

The focus of this study was on Resilience and Adolescence Educational Advancement in Secondary Schools in Mbanga Sub Division Cameroon. The main objective was to find out the role of self-concept a component of resilience on the educational advancement of adolescence. Self-concept was operationalized in terms of; knowledge about and belief about self; self-ability and taking personal initiative, overcoming difficulties and identifying negative aspect of self. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative method for data collection. Purposive and simple random techniques were used in selecting the participant. The sample comprised of 260 students from three secondary schools involving 151 (58.1%) female and 109 (41.9%) male between the ages of 12-19 years. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 23.0) with the aid of descriptive and inferential statistics.  Spearman’s rho test and Chi-square test were the inferential statistical tests adopted for the study .Chi-square test was used and the qualitative data was analyzed using the thematic analysis technique with the aid of themes, groundings/frequency and quotations. The findings revealed that: majority of the adolescents 256(98.5%) have good knowledge and belief and their self-ability. For overcoming difficulties and identifying negative aspects of self, 233(89.6%) affirmed that they can easily identify negative things about themselves. Also, majority of the adolescents 225 (86.5%) agreed that they always take initiative to overcome difficult situation in their life. In all the finding showed that (68.3%) of the adolescence have positive self-concept while (37.1%) of them have negative self-concept. Those with positive self-concept also have a high passion for educational advancement. Self-concept was found to have a significant relationship with educational advancement of adolescence. Some recommendations were made especially that guidance counsellors in schools should assist students in building a positive self-concept which will enable them to remain more resilient and focused on their educational engagements.

Open Access Original Research Article

Class of Degree and Postgraduate Students’ Performance in a Nigerian University

Joseph Oluwatayo Osakuade, Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu, Tosin Emmanuel Akinduyo

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 18-25
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630231

Aims: University education remains the engine tower of development in any country. In the realization of this, goals of university education and strategies to achieve them were clearly spelt out in the Nigeria National Policy on Education. Some employers of labour have been lamenting on the poor quality of Nigerian graduates despite that some of them came out with good grades. Class of degree speaks volume in the employment and admission criteria of this country. The thrust of this paper therefore is to examine the influence of class of degree on postgraduate students’ performance.

Study Design: The study adopted descriptive research design of the survey type.

Place and Duration of Study: The population comprised all the entire masters’ students that graduated from Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria between 2015/2016 and 2018/2019 sessions.

Methodology: Proportional stratified random sampling technique was used to select one hundred and eighty nine (189) masters’ graduates from the six faculties of the university. Simple percentage, bar chart and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis.

Results: Finding showed that: (i) There is no significant difference in the performance of postgraduate students in course work based on class of degrees (F2,1860.05 = 0.527, p = 0.492 >0.05). (ii) There is no significant difference in the performance of postgraduate students in dissertation based on class of degrees (F2,1860.05 = 2.697, p = 0.070 >0.05).

Conclusion: Class of degree at undergraduate level has nothing to do with postgraduate students’ performance at postgraduate level. It was recommended that class of degree at undergraduate level should not be solely used to select candidates for admission into postgraduate programmes. Multiple measures should be adopted.

Open Access Original Research Article

Ophthalmology as a Career Choice of Rotatory Medical Interns at Two Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria Middle Belt

C. O. Ojabo, B. A. Ojo, C. Udu, M. E. Efu

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 55-62
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630237

The distribution of medical manpower among the various specialties should be of interest to government, health care planners and medical education of any nation. With this in mind, this study was design to determine the factors that may influence this specialty choice amongst interns especially in Nigerian middle belt. Ophthalmology is a unique field of medicine that combines the hypothesis generating intellectual aspect of diagnosis with the opportunity to perform procedures both in clinic and in the operating theatre. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi and Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi with a semi structured questionnaire. A total of 61 questionnaires were given out with 52 completely answered and returned given a response rate of 85.2% over a two week period. The mean age of the rotatory medical interns was 30.08 years with the youngest, 23 years and oldest, 42 years and a range of 19. Forty four (44) (84.6%) were male and eight (8) (15.4%) were female. The respondents mean age was 30.08 years with a range of 19. This is a dynamic work force and if effectively utilized will go a long way in the efforts at providing quality health care to the populace. The study also shows a significant relationship between the medical school attended and the choice of specialty. Concluding, factors influencing interns’ specialty choice should guide government’s health administrators and educators as they may be responsible for mal-distribution of medical manpower across the various specialties.

Open Access Original Research Article

Preparation of Children on Environmental Conservation in the Rural Area – Turbo Kenya

Syallow Cajertane Makero

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 63-71
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630238

Most Kenyans are so much concerned in the way forests are destroyed by the get rich quickly Kenyans. The wanton destruction of forests and indigenous trees has left many people wondering as to what is happening with the people especially their leaders. This wanton destruction has had big effects on the country’s environment such as drastic climatic change, which has affected farming greatly. Farming is the main occupation in Kenya that earns the country foreign currency. While this cruel destruction is going no drastic measures have been taken to instil a sense of value and education to the growing and developing children as part of discipline to preserve forests. Therefore, this paper discusses ways and means of preparing children as early as possible. This preparation is meant to help children grow with a high sense of respect towards the environment especially the preservation of forests for the benefit of mankind.

Open Access Review Article

Cognitive Dissonance, Attitude Change and Ways to Reduce Cognitive Dissonance: A Review Study

. Annu, Bimla Dhanda

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 48-54
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2020/v33i630236

Cognitive dissonance is the state of psychological discomfort or tension that knowledgeable by the people who have more than two conflicting attitude, values and belief happen at same period of time. Its conception associated with self-doubt at the time of making decision. The aim of this review study is to emphasize on cognitive dissonance, reasons to cause the cognitive dissonance, cognitive dissonance theory with revisions, association between cognitive dissonance and the strategies to elimination of cognitive dissonance. The cognitive dissonance is most impactful in the social psychology in past time. The revisions of the cognitive dissonance theory emphasizes on that the cognitive dissonance arises by the function of self-concept. The cognitive dissonance caused by many reasons namely: force compliance behaviour, gain new information, during decision making and effort made by the person. The existence of cognitive dissonance increases the state of motivation in person to change the attitude. The cognitive dissonance is strongly associated with changes in attitude. The changes in behavioural, social cognitive elements, addition of new elements and avoidance of dissonance are the strategies to lessen cognitive dissonance.