Open Access Original Research Article

Psychosocial Distress and Coping Strategies in Response to COVID-19 Adopted among Adults in South-West Nigeria

R. A. Jubril, O. A. Azeez, O. Kolawole, K. B. Adelusi, A. O. Faloye, C. T. Adodo, I. O. Oduguwa, I. P. Owoeye, J. A. Sadiku, P. A. Olapade

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i330312

Pandemics such as the SARS-cov-2 are known to cause psychosocial distress posing threats to mental health especially among South-west residents who have been disproportionately hit by the virus in Nigeria

Aims: To assess the level of psychosocial distress among selected adult residents in South-west Nigeria and determine the strategies adopted by them to cope.

Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional design was used to sample 393 adults from the region. The DASS-21 scale and Brief-COPE questionnaires were used to assess levels of psychosocial distress and coping respectively.

Place and Duration of Study: Southwest Nigeria, between May 2020 and June 2020.

Methodology: Participants were recruited using Snowballing sampling technique. Data were collected using an online self-administered questionnaire. Information retrieved were coded and entered into the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 20.0). Descriptive statistics of mean, frequency, and percentages were used to summarize data and Chi-square analysis was used to test the hypotheses with an Alpha level set at P =0.05.

Results: Pathologic scores for all three psychosocial distress indicators measured in this study were recorded in 8.1% of the participants. The three leading sources of psychological distress identified included; the general uncertainty associated with the pandemic, lack of confidence in the government's ability to handle the situation, and the fear of robbery attacks that were rampant in the region during the period of lockdown. Most of the participants coped by adopting the use of humor (62.8%) and religion (53.9%). State of residence was found to influence coping strategy and there was a relationship between sex and use of religion in coping at p= 0.01.

Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic was a significant stressor in the study. Improved strategies to combat the spread of the virus to help accelerate lifting of the lockdown will be beneficial to the coping capacities of the residents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Small Steps, Big Gains: Impact of Health Promotion in Combating Viral Hepatitis

Pranav Keshan, Archita Chaudhary, Aayushi Rastogi, Sapna Chauhan, Sabin Syed, Akanksha Bansal

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 12-20
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i330313

Background: Medical training in health sector is primarily aimed at holistic development of healthcare workers with respect to change in knowledge, attitude and practice, but the majority of trainings merely evaluate the change in knowledge of the participants after attending the training program. Since knowledge gain is immediate whereas change in attitude and practice requires time. Thus, limited evidence is available with respect to the effect of training on attitude and practice over a period of time.

Aim: To assess the effect of training on modification of attitude and medical practices among nursing professionals at least six months of post-training period.

Methods and Material: A longitudinal study from January 18, 2018 to January 31, 2020 was undertaken among nursing professionals who have taken pre and post-test knowledge assessment and have completed six months of post training period. The link to 28-item questionnaire was shared thrice with the eligible participants. All analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Version 22. The statistical significance level considered as p <0.05.

Results: A total of 623 responses were received, of which 534 were included in the final analysis. The median follow-up period for the included participants was 9.4 months (IQR: 8.9–10.3 months). Mean age of the participants was 31.99±7.03years and 68% were females. Approximately 75% agreed that there was a change in their clinical practices with respect to viral hepatitis and approximately 72% unvaccinated individuals got themselves vaccinated post training.

Conclusion: Health promotion through trainings is a pragmatic approach towards combating diseases and achieving sustainable development goals.

Open Access Original Research Article

Psychological Profile of Five Generations of Aspirants to the Nursing Master's Degree Program of the National Autonomous University of Mexico

Graciela González-Juárez, Gandhy Ponce Gómez, Alejandra Valencia Cruz, Daniela Cocolotl González, Diana Cecilia Tapia Pancardo

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 21-30
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i330314

Background: The nursing master's degree program of the National Autonomous University of Mexico conducted this self-assessment as part of a larger evaluation research project. The results based on the Psychological Evaluation Manual (PEM), which is used since 2010 and which estimates the general characteristics of the psychological profile of the aspirant students, are shown.

Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the levels of performance of the aspirants to the nursing master's degree program and simultaneously, identify the related academic trajectory variables, based on the Psychological Assessment Manual, and in line with the nursing master's degree formative self-evaluation frame.

Methods: The study was descriptive and transversal. The sample was constituted by 169 aspirants to the nursing master's degree program from 2015 to 2020 generations.

Results: Some dimensions of the Psychological Evaluation Manual are significant to predict a successful academic trajectory. From the linear regression, it was observed that the variables Abstract reasoning and Avoidance of challenging work explain 18.9% of the variance in the average of the master's, with Abstract reasoning having a higher positive impact beta = .011) while in Avoidance of challenging work it was -.014. According to the, the expected profile of the aspirants to the nursing master's degree program implies medium-high scores on the scales of Academic aptitude, Adjustment to the reference social norms, as well as with Facilitating aspect, while medium-low scores in the scales of Deviation from the reference social norms and Limiting aspects.

Conclusions: The study is that the Psychological Assessment Manual inputs valuable information which contributes to better estimate the profile of the aspirants to the program.

Open Access Original Research Article

Self-assessment of the Master's Degree in Nursing: Tutoring an Axis in the International Experiences of Students

Laura Valdez Franco, Graciela Gonzalez Juarez

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 32-41
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i330315

Aims: To recover the international experiencies of the tutors of the master’s degree in Nursing of National Autonomous University of Mexico to identify the vision and attitudes they show towards the international development of students in training.

Metodology: Descriptive, non-experimental, and transactional research involved both program descriptive information and interview with five tutors selected for their international career, mentoring and availability.

Results: It was identified that the main task of the tutor is to know the interests, motivations, and limitations of each student to achieve their profesional skills and promote them towards internationalization and multidisciplinary collaboration in their career. With these findings it is posible to identify the decisions that tutors can make, as well as gaps within the same tutoring to promote international studies among tutoring.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that the figure of the tutor certainly ceases to be only a professional guide, to become a motivating entity that seeks for the student to overcome and reach different goals that are much more demanding among them; therefore, the personal and professional experiences of the tutor and his/her own perspective of the tutoring become the pillars of the metamorphosis that occurs in the stuent during the period of his/her master’s                   degree.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Implementation of the Government Policies on Transition Rate of ECDE Children from Public Preschools to Public Primary School in Kapseret Sub County; Uasin Gishu County

Njuguna Mary Muthoni, Esther Bitok, Audrey Matere

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 42-53
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i330316

A child’s transition from public preschool to primary is not a single event of change that has only immediate consequences but has its effects on transition rate. The purpose of this study was to assess influence of implementation of the government policies on transition rate of ECDE children from public preschools to public primary school in Kapseret Sub County; Uasin Gishu County. The study was guided by Jean Piaget’s Construvist theory. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The researcher sampled 171 respondents; including 86 Grade one; two; three teachers; 57 preschool teachers; and 29 headteachers. The research instruments used were questionnaires and interview schedule. The analysis of data was done using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software. Data from questionnaires was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Quantitative method involved descriptive and inferential analysis. Descriptive analysis such as frequencies; percentages were used to present quantitative data in form of tables. Qualitative data from interview schedules were analyzed thematically based on the content of qualitative data and then presented in prose form. The findings were presented in frequency distribution tables. The study findings indicated that implementation of government policies has a positive and significant influence on leaners transition. The study concluded that free primary education policy has improved learners’ transition rate to Grade one. Adoption of Early Years Education Policy has influenced transition to Grade one. Finally; free primary education policy has increased the number of learners in public pre-primary school. The study recommends that primary schools should implement all the government policies by preparing Early Child Development (ECD) children in terms of classrooms; toilets; furniture and adequate qualified teachers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Application of Kagan’s Cooperative Learning Structures to Maximize Student Engagement: An Action Research

Phub Dorji, . Yangzom, Jamyang Tenzin

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 54-64
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i330317

Aims: This action research attempted to apply and evaluate the impact of Kagan’s Cooperative Learning Structures at Gedu College of Business Studies.

Study design:  Lim’s [1] Balanced Action Research Model was used in this action research as it captures wide range of action research processes and provides the researchers to validate one's actions through critical analyses and reflections. 

Place and duration of study: The study was conducted in one college under the Royal University of Bhutan for a period of one year (2019-2020). 

Sample: One first-year Management class was selected as the focus of this action research using purposive sampling technique. Observation and a five-point Likert scale questionnaire were used as data collection tools. There were 45 students and all of them participated in filling out the questionnaire.

Methodology: Data were collected using observation and questionnaire. Observation data were analysed using content analysis technique. Out of two general categories of content analysis (conceptual analysis and relational analysis), the researchers used conceptual analysis. A five-point Likert scale questionnaire was administered to collect data on CL structures and student engagement, its feasibility and impact. Responses from the completed questionnaires were entered into SPSS for descriptive analysis.

Results: The findings revealed that CL structures like team builders, class builders and team cheers helped the students know their friends better, created a positive learning environment and helped in gaining and retaining students’ attention. Similarly, the findings revealed that CL structures helped in developing positive interdependence and individual accountability, ensured equal participation and encouraged simultaneous interaction in the class. In contrast, the findings revealed that small classroom size, large class strength and classroom furniture that do not support CL structures hindered the application of CL structures.

Conclusion: In view of these findings, the researchers recommend that the college plan and come up with classrooms and furniture that support the CL structures in teaching and learning. Further, the college should bring the class strength down as per the teacher-student ratio maintained by the Royal University of Bhutan and provide training and workshops to teachers on CL structures. Finally, teachers should make use of CL structures while teaching to engage, encourage and empower the learners.