Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge and Menstrual Hygiene Practices among Adolescent Female Apprentices in Lagelu Local Government Area, Ibadan, Nigeria

Folaranmi, Zaynab Bolanle, Titiloye, Musibau Ayoade, Arulogun, Oyedunni Sola

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i530325

Poor menstrual hygiene practices continue to exist in Nigeria like most developing countries due to persistent problems of lack of sanitary pad for adolescent by their parents, menstrual hygiene education by mothers and time for observing good menstrual hygiene. Hence this study assessed knowledge and practices of menstrual hygiene among adolescent female apprentices in Lagelu Local Government area of Oyo state. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 421 female apprentices between the ages of 10-19years. A semi-structured pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaire that contained 15-point knowledge and 12-point practice scales was used to collect data from respondents. Knowledge score of 0-5 was rated poor, 6-10 as fair and 11-15 as good. Practice score of <7 was rated poor while score ≥7 was rated good. Data were analyzed using inferential and descriptive statistics with aid of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences version 21 at p≤0.05. Mean age at menarche was found to be 13.4±1.4. Majority (96.2%) were single and 50.3% being Muslims. Although 77.4% were aware of menstruation before menarche, only 50.8% possessed good knowledge of menstruation. Hygiene knowledge was found to be very poor as only 22.6% correctly knew that menstrual blood comes from the uterus and 55.5% did not know the normal length of menstrual cycle. Factors significantly associated with knowledge of respondents included fathers’ and mothers’ level of education while those associated with practice included lack of private washing facilities for cloth and napkin, private disposal facilities for disposable absorbent materials and lack of menstrual hygiene education session. Provision of menstrual hygiene education by mothers and other relevant stakeholders as well as provision of cleaning facilities are key to improve menstrual hygiene practice of respondents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Aso-ebi Custom among the Yoruba People of Southwest Nigeria: An Assessment of Trend, Challenges and Prospects

Susan Olubukola Badeji

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 14-22
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i530326

The study investigated the trend, challenges and prospects of Aso-Ebi practice among the Yoruba people of Southwest Nigeria. The major objective of the study was to compare the benefits of the phenomenon with the challenges associated with it. This is to reach a cogent premise for upholding or discouraging the practice. The methodology followed a survey research design that involved generating data from individuals who patronize Aso-Ebi in Osun and Oyo States. Primary data sources came from a well-designed questionnaire which was administered to 270 respondents. The result findings revealed that: (i) Distress arising from the financial burden emanating from incessant purchase of Aso-Ebi fabrics (ii) Distress caused by unhealthy flamboyant competition among Aso-Ebi patrons, and (iii) Distress caused by compromising personal taste and choice for chosen Aso-Ebi fabrics are all significant challenges allied with the phenomenon. On the other hand, (i) Distress caused by the suspension of the use of personal clothes (ii) Distress caused by stocking loads of Aso- Ebi fabrics in personal wardrobes are found not to be significant. The study also found that the benefits associated with the practice outweigh the challenges therein. Consequently, it was recommended in the study that: (i) the practice of Aso-Ebi should be upheld and encouraged (ii) individuals, organizations and the Nigerian government at all levels should leverage on its potentials as a panacea for capacity building and economic growth (iii) it should be harnessed as an instrument for fostering social cohesion in Nigeria.

Open Access Original Research Article

Implementation of Multivariate Exponential Power Distribution in Discrimination and Classification of Psychological Data and Other applications

A. A. Olosund ´ e, A. T. Soy´ınk ´ a´

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 23-34
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i530327

Recent advances have shown that some multivariate psychological data are deviating from usual normal assumption either in the tails or kurtosis. Thereby, allowing the call for modelling of such data using more robust elliptically contoured density which includes the normal distribution as a special case. This allowed more flexibility at the kurtosis and tail regions, which is better in handling non-normality in data analysis and also lower the cost of misclassification. The present study employed a robust model for such cases in the context of discrimination and classification of multivariate psychological disorder data using multivariate exponential distribution as an underlining model. Parameters were estimated using the method of maximum likelihood estimation and the discrimination and classification were based on the log likelihood ratio approach. The resulting models relied solidly on the shape parameter, which regulate the tails and the kurtosis, thereby  allowed flexibility. This method enable us to lower the cost of misclassification. Some other areas of applications were also considered in the paper.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Irregularities Watering Down the Implementation of School Guidance Services in Ghana

Bernard Kissi-Abrokwah, Kyeremeh Tawiah Dabone, Hansen Akoto-Baako

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 35-49
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i530328

The purpose of the study was to investigate the challenges found in the implementation of school guidance services in Ghana. The study was underpinned by pragmatic paradigm where concurrent triangulation mixed method design was used for the study. At the quantitative phase, survey was conducted while multiple case study was also used for the qualitative phase. The total sample for the study was one thousand six hundred and ninety-one (1691) teachers was selected. At the quantitative phase questionnaire were administered to 1679 teachers while 12 headmaster/mistresses were interview at the qualitative phase. It emerged that orientation, counselling and information services should be adequately provided in senior high schools to provide students from indiscipline. Moreover, the study revealed that the location of the teacher-counsellor’s office should be convenient to ensure privacy and confidentiality which would enable students to patronise guidance service. Again, the finding revealed that there should be a clear national policy on funding, allocation of time and role definition of school counsellors to help them carry their duties. The paper highlights comprehensive overview on issues related to the implementation school guidance services.

Open Access Original Research Article

Strategies for Handling Restiveness among Undergraduates in Universities in Nigeria

L. I. Akunne, V. N. Nwadinobi, G. C. Nnadi

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 50-56
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i530329

Aims: The study determined strategies for handling restiveness among undergraduates in universities in Nigeria

Study Design: Descriptive survey research design was adopted.

Place and Duration of Study: The target population for the study is all undergraduates in universities in Nigeria. The duration is between March 2018 and October 2018.

Methodology: Simple random sampling was used to select eight faculties from the total of fourteen (14) faculties in Nnamdi Azikiwe University (that is, the accessible population). Thus, a disproportionate stratified random sampling technique was employed to select forty (40) students each from the eight faculties selected. A self-developed instrument by the researcher was used for this study titled “strategies for handling undergraduate restiveness Questionnaire (SHURQ)”. Cronbach alpha formula which yielded correlation coefficient of 0.70. Total of three hundred and ten (310) was recovered out of the three hundred and twenty (320) questionnaire administered. Data collected from the respondents through the questionnaire were used to answer the research questions using weighted mean. The criterion mean was set at 2.50 and above as agree and below 2.49 as disagree.

Results: The result indicates that undergraduates in universities in Nigeria have positive attitude towards strategies for handling undergraduate restiveness (Mean = 3.22, N = 310). The result further shows that undergraduates’ in universities have positive attitude towards ICT facility strategies for handling undergraduate students (Mean =3.32). More so, undergraduates in tertiary institutions was rated to have positive attitude towards recreation facilities strategy for handling undergraduate restiveness (Mean = 3.02).

Conclusion: Based on the findings it was concluded that governments, school administrators, lecturers, and counsellors should aid in facilitating ways to curb restiveness among undergraduates as it has a multiplying effect on the general wellbeing of an individual and students in general. Restiveness among undergraduates will be reduced to the barest minimum if all the strategies found effective are been put to use.

Open Access Original Research Article

Correlation between Parents Decision Making in School and School-Community Linkages in Public Primary Schools in Eldoret East Sub County, Kenya

Faith Jepkogei Mburu, Thomas Ronoh, Owen Ngumi

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 57-64
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i530330

Early childhood educators have traditionally linked school success to parental involvement and they frequently fail to establish strong links between home and school. This study sought to establish the correlation between parents’ decision making in school and school-community linkages in public primary schools in Eldoret East Sub County. The study adopted the Ecological Systems Theory on child’s development within the context of the system of relationships that form his or her environment. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Descriptive survey research design was adopted because it was appropriate for obtaining factual information about the correlation between parent’s decision making in school and school-community linkages in public primary schools in Eldoret East Sub County. This study used a descriptive survey research design. The sample size comprised of 30 head teachers, 240 teachers and 30 school chairpersons. Simple random sampling was used to select teachers, while purposive sampling was used to select head teachers and SMC chairpersons. Questionnaires were used to collect data. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS V. 24) computer program and presented using tables. The findings revealed that there was a positive relationship between the decision making and school-community linkages [r=.774, n=264, p<.05]. The study concluded that the parents’ contribution in decision making helps the schools achieve higher grades and test scores, improve their school attendance and increased motivation of pupils. The families play an active involvement in school decisions and governance and the families participate in school as volunteers and committee members. The study recommends that the recognition of the primary roles of parents as vital members of the decision-making body in the schools.