Open Access Minireview Article

The Construction and Practice of the Right of Residence System from the Perspectives of China

Miao Chungang

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 29-34
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i730342

In the history of civil law, the residence right system, as a representative of human servitude, originated from Roman law and continued to develop in the "French Civil Code" and "German Civil Code". Based on the differences between Chinese and Western social and cultural traditions, Japanese civil law did not accept the human servitude system in the initial legal inheritance, and modern Chinese civil law also abandoned the human servitude system based on similar cultural value judgments. With the major changes in social life, based on the response to real social needs, the "Civil Code of the People's Republic of China" created a system of residency rights. This article uses the comparative method to study the historical evolution of the housing rights system, and explore the legal and cultural roots behind the establishment of the system. At the same time, with the help of typical cases, it analyzes the practice of the right of residence after the promulgation of the Civil Code and discusses the legal perfection of the right of residence system. This article points out the unpaid nature of the right of residence, which can easily hinder the development and effectiveness of the right of residence system. In the future judicial practice, we need to expand the interpretation of the law, expand the scope of the right of residence, and expand the legal function of the right of residence system, so as to make full use of social resources to meet the public's housing needs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Evaluation of the Availability and Utilization of Visual and Audio Instructional Resources in Public and Private Primary Schools in Rivers State

I. A. Godfrey-Kalio, I. F. Osiri-Eme

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i730339

This study evaluated the availability and utilization of visual and audio instructional resources in public and private primary schools in Rivers State, Nigeria. Two research questions were stated to guide the study. The research design used for the study was an ex-post facto design. The population of the study comprised of eight thousand, two hundred and ninety-eight (8,298) teachers in public and private primary schools. A multi-stage sampling technique was used. A sample size of one thousand six hundred and sixty (1,660) teachers were used for the study. Checklist titled Availability and Utilization of Instructional Resources (AUIRC) was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics (percentages, mean and standard deviation) was used for data analysis. The result revealed that, availability and utilization of instructional resources is relatively low in public schools and high in private schools. Conclusion was drawn in line with the result of the study. It was therefore recommended that the Ministry of Education in Rivers State through relevant agencies should organize regular orientation/workshops on the improvisation and utilization of instructional resources in order to enhance effective teaching and learning in primary schools.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perspectives of Teachers on Challenges of Teaching in Deaf Schools, Afghanistan

Gul Dad Sanaiy, Murtaza Khavari, Sayed Yasin Qanbari

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 15-20
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i730340

Aims: this study aims  to investigate teachers ’perceptions about the challenges of teaching in deaf schools in  Kabul city, Afghanistan.

Study Design: This study was describing the status of Deaf schools in Kabul. For gathering information used questionnaire.

Place and Duration of Study: Sample: teachers participated from three deaf schools across Kabul city. Between September 2020 and June 2021.

Methodology: We included 74 (33 men, 41 women).  Data was collected through a questionnaire and analyzed with SPSS software. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.83%. T-test and ANOVA tests were used to analyze data.

Results: Results showed there was a significant difference between male and female teachers with challenges of teaching. There were no significant differences among specialist and non-specialist teachers, and experience of teaching with challenges of teaching.

Conclusion: there were four factors (students, teachers, content, and physical environment) that influence challenges of teaching.

Open Access Original Research Article

Emotional Intelligence and Academic Adjustment of Second-Year University Students in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Ikpe, Idongesit Uwem, Ezeonwumelu, Victor Ugochukwu, Okoro, Cornelius Christopher, Udofia, Nsikak-Abasi, Akpan, Imaobong. David

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 21-28
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i730341

The importance of emotional intelligence on academic outcomes cannot be overstated. Several studies have been conducted in the past to shed light on the associations that exist between EI and these outcomes. Making use of Goleman’s Emotional Intelligence model, the researchers investigated the relationship between the personal skills of EI and academic adjustment of second-year University students in Akwa Ibom State. The correlational design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of all the second year university students from two universities in Akwa Ibom state. A sample of 500 students was selected for the study using the Taro Yamane Sampling formula. The subjects were drawn using simple random sampling technique. The instruments for data collection were adopted standardized “National Health Service Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire” (NHSEIQ) and “Academic Adjustment Scale” (AAS). The instruments were used to obtain information with regards to both the dependent and independent variables. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated and tested at .05 significance level using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis. The results indicated that there is a positive and significant relationship between emotional intelligence and academic adjustment. Based on the results of the data analysis, a conclusion was drawn that emotional intelligence is a prerequisite for academic adjustment of second-year university students.

Open Access Original Research Article

Indonesian Government Mitigation Efforts towards Climate Change in the Marine and Fisheries Sector

Dwi Atmaji, Eko Priyo Purnomo, Aqil Teguh Fatahni

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 35-46
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i730344

Aims: This study aims to determine the Indonesian Government's mitigation efforts in dealing with climate change, especially in the marine and fisheries sector.

Study Design:  Literature study model.

Place and Duration of Study: Yogyakarta, Indonesia; 2020-2021.

Methodology: This study method utilized a qualitative approach with a literature study model. Sixty scientific national and international journals, online mass media, and legislations were collected. Data sources were used to explain the mitigation policy analysis of climate change in the marine and fisheries sector. The study stages started from article searching, theme classification, literature mapping based on discussions of various scientific journals, books, and online mass media with different orientations, data analysis, interpretation, and data presentation.

Results: The results of the study reveal that the impact of climate change on the marine and fisheries sector is very significant so that the Indonesian government establishes various policies, undertakes mitigation efforts to strengthen its identity as a maritime country, eradicates illegal, unreported, unregulated (IUU) fishing, imposes a moratorium on ex-foreign ships, accelerates the growth of national economy, enhance food sovereignty and promote the development of maritime and marine economies. However, there are still problems in implementing policies, so it is necessary to improve the management system for climate change countermeasures in the marine and fisheries sector in Indonesia.

Conclusion: Mitigation strategies in the marine and fisheries sector in Indonesia that can be implemented include applying sustainable aquaculture management practices suitable for carrying capacity and developing an integrated cultivation system. Various climate change mitigation policies in the marine and fisheries sector of the Government of Indonesia are commendable given many recognized successes, but there are still many problems with policy implementation. Ineffective application of policies is due to the government's focus on tackling climate change based on forestry and energy sectors, weak application of laws, and other problems. There is still a need for improvement in the management system for climate change countermeasures in Indonesia's marine and fisheries sector.

Open Access Original Research Article

Environmental Attitude of the Inhabitants of Nijandaris in the Conservation of Natural Resources - Peru

María Julieta De La Vega Fernández, Ronald Révolo Acevedo, Bimael Quispe Reymundo, Saúl Caballón Flores

Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, Page 47-56
DOI: 10.9734/jesbs/2021/v34i730345

The environmental attitude is a psychological tendency expressed by the evaluative (perceptions or beliefs) response towards the environment and natural resources flora, fauna, water, soil and air are naturally valuable products for development and continuity towards sustainability; relating both concepts in the Nijandaris population is the main objective of this research. Methodology: a probabilistic sampling was carried out at an age of [30 - 60 years] = 50 people respondents, questionnaire of 20 questions each; validated by the Rensis Likert scale 3 levels each, applying the Karl Pearson relationship coefficient and bilateral t-student. Conclusions: The environmental attitude of the inhabitants of Nijandaris is between bad to regular, likewise their conservative attitude towards natural resources ensures that they always do so. The relationship between environmental attitude and conservation turned out to be positive and significant. Regarding their dimensions, the association between affective attitude and conserving flora and fauna obtained r=0.38 positive median t=2.88; the correlation between cognitive attitude and conserving water and soil obtained an r=0.42 positive median t=3.21, and the relationship between conative attitude and conserved air has a considerable positive r=0.62 t=5.47. Therefore, we affirm that there is an environmental attitudinal concern towards the conservation of the natural resources of the adult population [30-60 years] in the Nijandaris Populated Center.